Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 4

Corona Virus Impact on Aquatic World: A Short Review

Ruby Singh1,2 and Prachi Srivastava1*

1Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Campus, India
2ICAR- Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Prachi Srivastava, ICAR- Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Received: November 06, 2020; Published: March 22, 2021

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Abstract

  Coronavirus belongs to the family Coronaviridae which shares an evolutionarily relationship to other member of this family impacting human and veterinary medicine. Coronviridae belong to the order Nidovirales which is further divided into two different subfamilies i.e., Coronavoirinae and Torovirinae. There are almost negligible coronaviruses are isolated from aquatic organisms but it has effected many aquatic organisms mainly aquatic mammals which includes beluga whale, Bottlenose dolphin and harbour seal. The aquatic fish which is effected by the genus Bafinivirus under the same family Coronaviridae is White bream (Blicca bjoerkna), fathead minnow and Chinook salmon. There are also several reports suggesting isolation of coronaviruses from Carps. All of these viruses are officially classified as Coronaviruses but some of them are not classified instead shares many similar features with these dreadful Coronaviruses. Current review comprises a detail insight about the history, root causes, mechanism of infection as well as transmission of Corona viruses to aquatic organisms. A futuristic prospect of this virus impacting the nature is facilitating the researchers to examine the genome of SARS-CoV-2 in comparison to the genome of aquatic corona virus to bring out the evolutionary virulence.

Keywords: Coronaviruses; Coronaviridae; Nidovirales; Bafinivirus; White bream; Bottle Nose

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Citation

Citation: Ruby Singh and Prachi Srivastava. “Corona Virus Impact on Aquatic World: A Short Review". Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.3 (2021): 59-63.




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