Manas Chakraborty1*, Indranil Chatterjee2*, Sayak Samanta3 and Arindam Chakraborty3
1Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Calcutta Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Allied Health Sciences, Howrah, West Bengal, India
2Assistant Professor, Birbhum Pharmacy School, Birbhum, West Bengal, India
3M. Pharm, Calcutta Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Allied Health Sciences, Howrah, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding Author: Manas Chakraborty, Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Calcutta Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Allied Health Sciences, Howrah, West Bengal, India and Indranil Chatterjee, Assistant Professor, Birbhum Pharmacy School, Birbhum, West Bengal, India.
Received: June 15, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020
Plastic is a significant reason for Environmental Pollution. Major earth surfaces, sea waters are getting polluted day by day with accumulation of plastic as waste material from different sources which is a serious concern for human beings and different marine animals living in this world. A few stages happen in the plastic biodegradation process and could be distinguished by explicit phrasing. Bio-weakening characterizes the activity of microbial networks and other decomposer life forms answerable for the physical and synthetic decay that brought about a shallow debasement that changes the mechanical, physical and substance properties of the plastic. Bio-discontinuity alludes to the reactant activities that separate polymeric plastics into oligomers, dimers or monomers by ecto-compounds or free-radicals discharged by microorganisms. Osmosis portrays to the incorporation of particles moved in the cytoplasm in the microbial digestion. Mineralisation alludes to the total corruption of atoms that brought about the discharge of totally oxidized metabolites (CO2, N2, CH4, H2O). The microbial species discovered related with the debasing materials were recognized as two Gram positive and five Gram negative microscopic organisms. The microbial species related with the polythene materials were recognized as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus amylolyticus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas species etc. of which Bacillus amylolyticus causes 30% degradation and Bacillus subtilis causes 20% average degradation in a month. In this review article different isolation and identification processes followed so far for these important categories of microbes have been discussed for general awareness of research in this field.
Keywords: Biodeterioration; Biofragmentation, Assimilation; Mineralization; Pollution
Citation: Manas Chakraborty, Indranil Chatterjee., et al. “The Art of Polythene Degrading Bacteria: The Bio-Deteriorating Action of Microbial Communities". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.8 (2020): 117-121.
Copyright: © 2020 Manas Chakraborty, Indranil Chatterjee., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.