Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Comparative Evaluation of the Changes in Surface Topography and Crystallization of Gutta Percha Cones by Four Chemical Solutions: An SEM Study

Arun Kurian Varghese1, SV Satish2*, Krishna Rao Kilaru3, Ashwini M Patil4 and Basvana Gowda4

1Postgraduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India
2Professor and Head, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India
3Department of Endodontics, Bnied AL Gar Dental Centre, Ministry of Health, Kuwait
4Reader, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: SV Satish, Professor and Head, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India.

Received: October 17, 2020; Published: November 07, 2020

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to observe the surface topography and crystallization of GP cones by aloe vera, glutaraldehyde, sodium hypochlorite and propolis - using a Scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Materials and Methods: Seventy GP points of size 80 and 2% taper were divided into five groups depending on the type of chemical agents used for disinfection.

The groups were as follows:

  • Group 1 - Control group
  • Group 2 - Aloe vera
  • Group 3 - Glutaraldehyde
  • Group 4 - Sodium hypochlorite
  • Group 5 - Propolis.

In each of the groups, fourteen GP points were immersed in the respective chemical agents separately for 2 minutes and observed under SEM to evaluate for changes in surface topography and presence of chloride crystals. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test.

Results: Propolis showed least changes in surface topography with minimal chloride crystal formation when compared to Aloe vera, Glutaraldehyde and Sodium hypochlorite.

Conclusion: Within the limitation of the study, propolis proved to be a better disinfectant for GP cones with minimal surface changes when compared to other groups.

Keywords: Gutta Percha; Surface Topography; Chloride Crystals; Propolis; Sodium Hypochlorite

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References

  1. Rao SA., et al. “Effectiveness of three chemical solutions on gutta-percha cones by rapid sterilization technique: A scanning electron microscope study”. Endodontology1 (2019): 17.
  2. Raveendran L., et al. “Chair side disnfection of gutta-percha points-An In vitro comparative study between a herbal alternative propolis extract with 3% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine and 10% povidone iodine”. International Journal of Bioassays10 (2015): 4414-4417.
  3. Nair R and Bandhe S. “An In-vitro assessment of the residual antimicrobial effects and surface alterations of gutta-percha disinfected with four different solutions”. Journal Dr.NTR university of Health sciences 6 (2017): 98-102.
  4. Athiban PP., et al. “Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of Aloe vera and its effectiveness in decontaminating gutta percha cones”. Journal of Conservative Dentistry 15 (2012): 246-248.
  5. Chandrappa MM., et al. “Disinfection of gutta-percha cones using three reagents and their residual effects”. Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD 6 (2014): 571.
  6. Pradeep K., et al. “Chair side disnfection of gutta-percha points-An in vitro comparative study between 5 different agents at different concentrations”. Endodontology 25 (2013): 73-77.
  7. Mukka PK., et al. “Comparative evaluation of three herbal solutions on the disinfection of guttapercha cones: an In vitro study”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR 3 (2017): ZC21.
  8. Schmidt MH., et al. “Effectiveness of different auxiliary chemical substances in the rapid disinfection of gutta-percha points-an In vitro study”. Revista da Faculdade de Odontologia-UPF 1 (2015).
  9. Short RD., et al. “The crystallization of sodium hypochlorite on gutta-percha cones after the rapid-sterilization technique: an SEM study”. Journal of Endodontics 10 (2003): 670-673.
  10. Awawdeh L., et al. “The Antifungal Effect of Propolis Endodontic Irrigant with Three Other Irrigation Solutions in Presence and Absence of Smear Layer: An In Vitro Study”. Iranian Endodontic Journal 2 (2018): 234.
  11. Shailja S., et al. “Comparative evaluation of different gutta-percha disinfecting agents: A microbiological study”. Endodontology 1 (2018): 9.
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Citation

Citation: SV Satish., et al. “Comparative Evaluation of the Changes in Surface Topography and Crystallization of Gutta Percha Cones by Four Chemical Solutions: An SEM Study". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.12 (2020): 42-46.




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Acceptance rate30%
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Impact Factor0.812

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