Sunitha HM*, Amandeep Sodhi and Vathsala Naik
Post Graduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding Author: Sunitha HM, Post Graduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bangalore, India.
Received: October 15, 2020; Published: November 09, 2020
Oral cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the world with significant morbidity and mortality which is frequently associated with local lymph node metastasis. As the prevalence of the disease is increasing and the survival rate has remained low for decades, it is essential to diagnose the disease at an early stage. Early diagnosis of the disease significantly increases the probability of the cure of oral squamous cell carcinoma with minimal impairment and deformity of the associated structures. Various methods in the diagnosis of Oral cancer are visualization methods, vital staining which includes - Toluidine Blue, Lugol’s iodine, Methylene blue, laboratory based diagnostics- Biopsy, salivary biomarkers, Light based diagnostic tools, salivary biomarkers, advanced imaging modalities. This article reviews the conventional and latest diagnostic methods which aids in not only early detection but also in accurate treatment planning of oral cancer.
Keywords: Oral Cancer; Vital Staining; Light Based Diagnostic Methods; Salivary Biomarkers; Advanced Imaging
Citation: Sunitha HM., et al. “Current Diagnostic Methods in the Detection of Oral Cancer- An Update”.Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.12 (2020): 13-22.
Copyright: © 2020 Sunitha HM., et al.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.