Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Sport Activities, Oral and Dental Health. A Mutual Relationship

Panagiotis Ntovas, Nikolaos Loumprinis*, Panagiotis Maniatakos, Dimitra Vakou and Christos Rahiotis

Department of Operative Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

*Corresponding Author: Nikolaos Loumprinis, Department of Operative Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Received: July 27, 2020; Published: August 27, 2020

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Abstract

Objective: To review the relationship between sport activities, oral and dental health.

Material and Methods: A literature search was carried out through the Medline database (PubMed) and the Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials Register. A subject-specific search strategy was conducted since the August of 2018 using the following keywords: sport drinks, energy drinks, sports oral health, mouthguard, oral anabolic Steroid, oral trauma, dental trauma, Barodontalgia, Odontecrexis, Sport Maxillofacial Injuries, Athletic injuries and Sports Medicine.

Results: Professional athletes are more prone to develop dental caries, compared to non-athletes. Despite the acknowledged effectiveness athletes are not compliant enough with the use of mouthguards. It is important doctors to be aware of dental-related problems that may arise, from pressure fluctuation, as it occur in scuba divers. People participating in sport activities has to be informed how to react in emergence situations, as only a small percentage of avulsed teeth are replanted, and most of them a long time after injury stored in inappropriate transport medium, as water.

Conclusions:

  • Health professionals have to be aware of the correlation between oral health and sport activities
  • Oral problems can be connected with inferior performance during exercise
  • Health professionals have the responsibility to educate patients and the public about the importance of using mouth-guard protection in contact sports.

Keywords: Sports Medicine; Sports Oral Relationship; Sports Dentistry; Sport Oral Health

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Citation

Citation: Nikolaos Loumprinis., et al. “Sport Activities, Oral and Dental Health. A Mutual Relationship". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.9 (2020): 136-149.



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