N Anand Laxmi*
Principal Scientist, Directorate of Poultry Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India
*Corresponding Author: N Anand Laxmi, Principal Scientist, Directorate of Poultry Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India.
Received: December 02, 2019; Published: December 24, 2019
Selenium is a trace element which is widely used in industries. Besides its use in industries it is also an important component of diet. It is having diverse roles in monogastric and ruminant species. Body continuously faces environmental challenges and it has been observed that Se has an important role in modulating the body functions for maintaining homeostasis. This is through availability of its reserves in the body. Commercially it is available in inorganic and organic forms. It has been reported that Se deficiency decreases production and reproduction performances in all the species. In the present document it will be discussed mainly with respect to its functions in chickens.
Inorganic selenium sources are mostly not active in biological functions when compared to organic selenium. It is observed that it increases oxidation process. Organic form mainly Se –Met is quickly absorbed and bioavailability is more. Organically bound selenium is enriched in Se yeast and it contains Se-Met. Plant materials provide Se – Met. Besides Se enriched yeast it is also available as Se enriched algae or as selenium chelate. It has been observed that supply of organic selenium when compared with inorganic it increased meat quality, meat colour by reducing lipid oxidation and water loss. Further supplementation reduced abdominal fat. Se-Met inclusion in the diet increases Se concentration in serum and tissues which in turn enhances body oxidation resistance.
Citation: N Anand Laxmi. “Utilisation of Selenium in Chickens for Different Physiological Functions”. Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 2.1 (2020): 07-08.
Copyright: © 2020 N Anand Laxmi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.