Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 12

Nutritional Characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) Leaves for Forage Use

Rubén Rosales Ramírez1, J Jesús Vargas Radillo2, Cecilia Neri Luna3, Lucía Barrientos Ramírez1* and Manuel Mateo Hernández Villegas4

1Department of Animal Production, CUCBA, University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
2Department of Wood, Pulp and Paper, CUCEI, University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
3Department of Ecology, CUCBA, University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
4Popular University of Chontalpa, Tabasco, Mexico

*Corresponding Author: Lucía Barrientos Ramírez, Department of Animal Production, CUCBA, University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Received: October 25, 2021; Published: November 29, 2021

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the nutritional content, amino acids, phytochemical compounds (phenols, tannins and flavonoids) in ethanol extract, minerals and fatty acids, in Moringa oleifera leaves under the edaphoclimatic conditions typical of the central-northeast region of Jalisco, Mexico. In animal feed, moringa consumed fresh, directly, as part of a diet, or in silage, has favorable properties in the nutrition and health of cattle, chickens, fish, goats, pigs and lambs, and has become in an alternative to the traditional grain-based use. Due to its favorable properties, moringa is one of the most used vegetables for forage use.

Keywords: Chemical Composition; Amino Acids; Fatty Acids; Tannins; Linoleic Acid

References

  1. Movahhedkhah S., et al. “Summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.) extract as natural feed additive in broilers: Effects on growth, plasma constituents, immune response, and ileal microflora”. Animals87 (2019): 1-8.
  2. Peraza González B., et al. “Efecto de la alimentación con Moringa oleífera en la dieta de vacas lecheras”. Revista Ingeniería Agrícola4 (2015): 40-45.
  3. Olson ME and Fahey JW. “Moringa oleifera: un árbol multiusos para las zonas tropicales secas”. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 4 (2011): 1071-1082.
  4. Leone A., et al. “Cultivation, genetic, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Moringa oleifera leaves: An overview”. International Journal of Molecular Science 16 (2015): 12791-12835.
  5. Onunkwo DN and George OS. “Effects of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler birds”. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 8 (2015): 63-66.
  6. Saini RK., et al. “Effect of dehydration methods on retention of carotenoids, tocopherols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity in Moringa oleifera leaves and preparation of a RTE product”. Journal of Food Science and Technology 51 (2014): 2176-2182.
  7. Rodríguez-Pérez C., et al. “Optimization of extraction method to obtain a phenolic compounds-rich extract from Moringa oleifera Lam leaves”. Industrial Crops and Products 66 (2015): 246-254.
  8. Anwar F., et al. “Moringa oleífera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses”. Phytotherapy Research 21 (2007): 17-25.
  9. Alvarado-Ramírez ER., et al. “Moringa oleifera Lam.: una alternativa forrajera en la producción pecuaria en México”. Agro Productividad 11 (2017): 106-110.
  10. Olugbemi TS., et al. “Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) inclusion in cassava-based diets fed to broiler chickens”. International Journal of Poultry Science 9 (2010): 363-367.
  11. Kholif AE., et al. “Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a protein source in lactating goat’s diets: Feed intake, digestibility, ruminal fermentation, milk yield and composition, and its fatty acids profile”. Small Ruminant Research 129 (2015): 129-137.
  12. Gopalakrishnan L., et al. “Moringa oleifera: A review on nutritive importance and its medicinal application”. Food Science and Human Wellness 5 (2016): 49-56.
  13. Valdez-Solana MA., et al. “Nutritional Content and Elemental and Phytochemical Analyses of Moringa oleifera Grown in Mexico”. Journal of Chemistry (2015): 1-9.
  14. Van Soest PJ., et al. “Methods for Dietary Fiber, Neutral Detergent Fiber, and Nonstarch Polysaccharides” in Relation to Animal Nutrition”. In: Symposium: Carbohydrate methodology, metabolism, and nutritional implications in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 74 (1991): 3583-3593.
  15. Urribarrí C AL., et al. “Extracción y precipitación de las proteínas solubles del pasto elefante enano (Pennisetum purpureum Schum cv. Mott)”. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía3 (2004): 268-279.
  16. “Official method of analysis”. 18th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gathersburg (2010).
  17. NMX-F-490-1999-NORMEX. “Alimentos. Aceites y grasas”. Determinación de la composición de ácidos grasos a partir de C6 por cromatografía de gases.
  18. Singleton VL and Rossi J AJr. “Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungtic acid reagent”. American journal of Enology and Viticulture 16 (1965): 144-158.
  19. Zhishen J., et al. “The determination of flavonoid contents in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals”. Food Chemistry 64 (1999): 555-559.
  20. Deshpande SS and Chetyan M. “Evaluation of vainillin assay for tannin analysis of dry beans”. Journal of Food Science 50 (1985): 905-916.
  21. Li Z., et al. “Oligosaccharides are a key factor in prediction of amino acid digestibility in soybean meal of different origins when fed to growing pigs”. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science12 (2017): 1724-1732.
  22. Robet E., et al. “Comparative Study of Nutritional Value of Wheat, Maize, Sorghum, Millet, and Fonio: Some Cereals Commonly Consumed in Côte d’Ivoire”. European Scientific Journal edition 16.21 (2020): 118-131.
  23. Nweze NO and Nwafor F. “Phytochemical, Proximate and Mineral Composition of Leaf Extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam. from Nsukka, South-Eastern Nigeria”. OSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (IOSR-JPBS)1 (2014): 99-103.
  24. Aye P and Adegun MK. “Chemical composition and some functional properties of Moringa, Leucaena and Gliricidia leaf meals”. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America's 4 (2013): 71-77.
  25. Bonekamp RPRT., et al. “Effects of amino acids on egg number and egg mass of brown (heavy breed) and white (light breed) laying hens”. Poultry Science3 (2010): 522-529.
  26. Su B and Chen X. “Current Status and Potential of Moringa oleifera Leaf as an Alternative Protein Source for Animal Feed”. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 7 (2020): 1-13.
  27. Yang R., et al. “Nutritional and functional properties of Moringa leaves-from Germplasm, to plant, to food, to health”. Moringa and other highly nutritious plant resources: Strategies, standards, and markets for a better impact on nutrition in Africa 11 (2006): 16-18.
  28. Jaiswal D., et al. “Role of Moringa oleifera in regulation of diabetes-induced oxidative stress”. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine10 (2013): 426-432.
  29. Guzmán-Maldonado SH., et al. “Nutraceutical and nutritional quality of moringa leaf from trees of different height”. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas2 (2015): 317-330.
  30. Qwele K., et al. “Chemical composition, fatty acid content and antioxidant potential of meat from goats supplemented with Moringa (Moringa Oleifera) leaves, sunflower cake and grass hay”. Meat Science 93 (2013): 455-462.
  31. Patra AK and Saxena J. “Exploitation of dietary tannins to improve rumen metabolism and ruminant nutrition”. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture3 (2011): 135-146.
  32. Sreelatha S and Padma PR. “Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of Moringa oleifera leaves in two stages of maturity”. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 64 (2009): 303-311.
  33. Verma AR., et al. “In vitro and in vivo antioxidant properties of different fractions of Moringa oleifera leaves”. Food and Chemical Toxicology 47 (2009): 2196-2201.
  34. Lala AO., et al. “Effects of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the quality, antioxidant and cholesterol content of eggs”. Journal of agriculture and social sciences 10 (2012): 223-238.
  35. Jansman AJM., et al. “Ileal and fecal digestibility in piglets of field beans (Vicia faba L.) varying in tannin content”. Animal Feed Science and Technology 42 (1993): 83-96.
  36. Ogbe AO and Affiku JP “Proximate study, mineral and antiI-nutrient composition of Moringa oleifera leaves harvested from Larfia, Nigeria: Potential benefits in poultry nutrition and health”. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences3 (2012): 296-308.
  37. Moyo B., et al. “Nutritional characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves”. African Journal of Biotechnology60 (2011): 12925-12933.
  38. Abiose SH and Ikujenlola AV. “Comparison of chemical composition, functional properties and amino acids composition of quality protein maize and common maize (Zea may L)”. African Journal of Food Science and Technology3 (2014): 81-89.
  39. Brosnan JT and Brosnan ME. “The sulfur-containing amino acids: an overview”. Journal of Nutrition136 (2006): 1636S-1640S.
  40. Pi Z and Shen SH. “Research on paper mulberry as a new type of protein feedstuff”. Siliao Gongye 39 (2018): 23-8.
  41. Farkhoy M., et al. “Evaluation of protein concentration and limiting amino acids including lysine and Met+ Cys in prestarter diet on performance of Broilers”. Veterinary Medicine International 2012 (2012): 394189.
  42. Feng L., et al. “Threonine Affects Intestinal Function, Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression of TOR in Jian Carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian)”. PLoS ONE7 (2013): e69974.
  43. Isitua CC., et al. “Phytochemical and nutritional properties of dried leaf powder of Moringa oleifera Lam. from machala el oro province of Ecuador”. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research2 (2015): 8-16.
  44. Corn oil (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Corn Refiners Association (2006).
  45. Alfaia CPM., et al. “Effect of the feeding system on intramuscular fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid isomers of beef cattle, with emphasis on their nutritional value and discriminatory ability” Food Chemistry 114 (2009): 939-946.
  46. Rodríguez-Cruz M., et al. “Mecanismos moleculares de acción de los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados y sus beneficios en la salud”. The Revista de Investigación Clínica3 (2005): 457-472.
  47. Peña F., et al. “Effects of genotype and slaughter weight on the meat quality of Criollo Cordobes and Anglonubian kids produced under extensive feeding conditions”. Meat Science 83 (2009): 417-422.
  48. Reyes-Sánchez N and Ledin and Ledin I. “Biomass production and chemical composition of Moringa oleifera under different management regimes in Nicaragua”. Agroforestry Systems 66 (2006): 231-242.
  49. Mendieta-Araica B., et al. “Silage quality when Moringa oleifeira is ensiled in mixtures with Elephant grass, sugar cane and molasses”. Grass and Forage Science 64 (2009): 364-373.
  50. Cohen-Zinder M., et al. “Effect of feeding lactating cows with ensiled mixture of Moringa oleifera, wheat hay and molasses, on digestibility and efficiency of milk production”. Animal Feed Science and Technology 211 (2016): 75-83.

Citation

Citation: Lucía Barrientos Ramírez., et al. “Nutritional Characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) Leaves for Forage Use ". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.12 (2021): 93-100.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Lucía Barrientos Ramírez., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US