Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Mini Review Volume 4 Issue 1

Determination of Trace Elements in Some Selected Broiler Chickens in the Ashanti Region of Ghana

Asare-Donkor NK* and Amissah AA

Department of Chemistry, University Post Office, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

*Corresponding Author: Asare-Donkor NK, Department of Chemistry, University Post Office, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana.

Received: December 12, 2019; Published: December 23, 2019



Trace elements in broiler chicken from some markets in the Ashanti Region of Ghana has been determined using Atomic Spectrometric method. The results were 0.017 ± 4.69x10-3 mg/Kg for As, 0.181 ± 0.0696 mg/Kg for Cd and 3.76x10-3 ± 2.670x10-3 mg/Kg for Pb in the breast, 0.0224 ± 1.855x10-3 mg/Kg for As, 0.2486 ± 0.0689 mg/Kg for Cd and 8.82x10-3 ± 3.077x10-3 mg/Kg for Pb in the gizzard and 0.0172 ± 3.187x10-3 mg/Kg for As, 0.162 ± 0.0776 mg/Kg for Cd and 2.44x10-3 ± 7.889x10-4 mg/Kg for Pb in the thigh. The MDI for various metals per person were 2.960x10-5 ± 3.94x10-6mg/Kg for As, 3.099x10-4 ± 5.84x10-5 mg/Kg for Cd and 7.867x10-6 ± 4.34x10-6 mg/Kg for Pb. These values were found to be below JECFA values of 0.012 mg/Kg for As, 0.001 mg/Kg for Cd and 0.004 mg/Kg for Pb as well as that of WHO limits of 0.10 mg/Kg for As, 0.05mg/Kg for Cd and 0.20 mg/Kg for Pb. From these results, it is concluded that broiler chickens raised in this region are safe for consumption and may not pose a risk on human health in terms of the elements.

Keywords: Broiler Chicken; Ghana; Food



  1. Umer Z., et al. “Assessment of heavy metal contaminants from protein sources”. Journal of Food Technology 1 (2017): 2-6. 
  2. Beyene T., et al. “Assessment on Chemicals and Drugs Residue in Dairy and Poultry Products in Bishoftu and Modjo, Central Ethiopia”. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences S13 (2015): S13002.
  3. Mottalib A., et al. “Assessment of Heavy Metals in Tannery Waste-Contaminated Poultry Feed and Their Accumulation in Different Edible Parts of Chicken”. 10 (2016): 72-78.               
  4. Sadeghi A., et al. “Determination of Chromium, Lead and Cadmium Levels in Edible Organs of Marketed Chickens in Mashhad, Iran”. Journal of Food Quality and Hazards Control 2 (2015): 134-138. 
  5. Ruys KI., et al. “Human Health Risk of Chromium Intake From Consumption of Poultry Meat and Eggs in Dhaka, Bangladesh”. 7 (2011): 49-65.
  6. World Health Organization. “Adverse Health Effects of Heavy Metals in Children”. Children’s Health and the Environment WHO Training Package for the World Health Sector (2011): 1-77. 
  7. Gerber P., et al. “Poultry production and the environment-A review”. FAO (2007): 1-27.
  8. Raikwar M., et al. “Toxic effect of heavy metals in livestock health”. Veterinary World 1 (2008): 28.
  9. Donia GR. “Determination of Some Heavy Elements Residues in Some Organs of Migratory Quail in Relation to Public Health”. International Journal of Science and Research 4.10 (2015): 2048-2059. 
  10. Mohammed AI., et al. “Heavy Metals in Selected Tissues of Adult Chicken Layers (Gallus spp)”. Journal of Science and Technology 3 (2013): 518-522. 
  11. Aiad AS and Arafa M. “Pollution of Some Poultry Meat Products with Heavy Metals in Alexandria Governorate”. Animal health research institute-Alexandria (2002): 2-7.
  12. Abduljaleel SA. “Bioaccumulation of Trace Elements in Tissues of Chicken and Quail, and Estimate Health Risks from the Consumption of Birds from Viscera”. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Basrah university, Iraq, 1 (2014): 96- 110.
  13. Shamshad J., et al. “Simultaneous Atomic Absorption Spectroscopic Quantization Survey of Toxic Metals in Poultry Feed and Their Translocation in Various Tissues of Chicken in Lahore Region of Pakistan”. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 8 (2017): 791-796.
  14. Imran R., et al. “Evaluation of heavy metal concentration in the poultry feeds”. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES) 5 (2014): 394-404. 
  15. Thabet N and Elsharawy M. “Some Heavy Metals Residues in Chicken Meat and their Edible Offal in New Valley”. 2nd Conference of Food Safety, Suez Canal University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 1 (2015): 53-60. 
  16. Griswold W and Ph D. “Human Health Effects of Heavy Metals”. Centre for Hazardous Substance Research Kansas State University 104 Ward Hall Manhattan KS (2009).
  17. Orisakwe OE., et al. “Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Heavy Metals in Farm Produce and Livestock around Lead-Contaminated Goldmine in Dareta and Abare, Zamfara State, Northern Nigeria”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2017): 1-12.
  18. Lasky., et al. “Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken”. Environmental Health Perspectives 112 (2004): 18-21. 
  19. Mahmoud MAM. “Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals for Egyptian Population via Consumption of Poultry Edibles”. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 3.1 (2015): 58-70.
  20. Fekete P and Dvm S. “Study of toxic metals (Cd, Pb, Hg and Ni ) in rabbits and broiler chickens”. National Food Investigation Institute, Budapest (2003): 1-101. 
  21. Amanor-Boadu V., et al. Structure of Ghana’s Chicken Industry in 2015, Manhattan, KS: Department of Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University (2016).
  22. Adzitey F. “Animal and Meat Production in Ghana-An Overview”. Journal of Worlds Poultry 3.31 (2013): 1-4.
  23. Iwegbue CMA., et al. “Heavy Metal Residues of Chicken Meat and Gizzard and Turkey Meat Consumed in Southern Nigeria”. Bulgarian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 11 (2008): 275-280.
  24. Ismail A., et al. “Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B Estimated daily intake and health risk of heavy metals by consumption of milk”. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B. Taylor and Francis 8 (2009): 260-265.
  25. Serra AP. “Chemical Contaminants in Poultry Meat and Products”. Biomass Now- Sustainable growth and use (2013).
  26. Lanre-iyanda TY. “Assessment of Heavy Metals and Their Estimated Daily Intakes”. 12 (2012): 260-265.
  27. Bird UMT. “Contamination of poultry products by environmental pollutants”. Egg Meat Symposia, Bergamo 69 (2013): 1-12. 
  28. Zhuang P., et al. “Heavy Metal Concentrations in Five Tissues of Chickens from a Mining Area”. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 23 (2014): 2375-2379.
  29. Iwegbue CMA. “Composition and daily intakes of some trace metals from canned beers in Nigeria”. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 116.3 (2010): 312-315.


Citation: Asare-Donkor NK and Amissah AA. “Determination of Trace Elements in Some Selected Broiler Chickens in the Ashanti Region of Ghana". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 32-37.

Member In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US