Persian Medicine Department, Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Roshanak Ghods, Persian Medicine Department, Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Received: July 23, 2018; Published: August 22, 2018
Citation: Roshanak Ghods. “Are Traditional Medicine and Phytotherapy the Same?”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 2.9 (2018).
Persian medicine is a school of traditional medicine, which is based on four elements (fire, air, water, soil/earth) and their attributed qualities (warmness, wetness, coldness, dryness) that make everything have a special temperament (hot and wet, hot and dry, cold and wet, and cold and dry). In fact, the temperament (Mizaj in Arabic) is a uniform quality that results from the ultimate interaction between different amounts of the four elements. Humor is the final product of digestion that occurs in the body of any living organism, whether a plant, an animal, or a human. We have four humors called sanguine (Dam in Arabic), phlegm (Balgham in Arabic), yellow bile (Safra in Arabic), and black bile (Soda in Arabic). The sanguine humor is associated with the hot and wet temperament; the phlegm humor is related to the cold and wet temperament; the yellow bile humor is connected with the hot and dry temperament; and the black bile humor denotes the cold and dry temperament. Consequently, each of these humors is attributed to an element (Figure 1). This holistic medicine is also known as "humoral medicine".
Copyright: © 2018 Roshanak Ghods. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.