Young Scientist, Nanobiosciences and Nanopharmacology Division, Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan, Young Scientist, Nanobiosciences and Nanopharmacology Division, Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: December 29, 2017; Published: January 11, 2018
Citation: Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan. “Pharmaceutical Applications of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles- A Review”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 2.2 (2018).
The synthesis of nanoparticles using microorganisms and plants has been reported to possess biomedical applications. Biological synthesis of nanoparticles is an eco-friendly, cost-effective, biocompatible and safer approach . Recently different types of metallic nanoparticles are synthesized by green approach. Among the metal oxide nanoparticles, zinc oxide is very interesting because it has vast applications such as optical, piezoelectric, magnetic, and gas sensing. Besides these properties, ZnO nanostructure exhibits high catalytic efficiency, strong adsorption ability and are used more frequently in the manufacture of sunscreens, ceramics and rubber processing, wastewater treatment, and as a fungicide . It has a wide range of biomedical applications like drug delivery, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and agricultural properties [3-6]. Although ZnO is used for targeted drug delivery, it has the limitation of cytotoxicity which is yet to be resolved . ZnO NPs have a very strong antibacterial effect against Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria at a very low concentration. Further, they have shown strong anti-bacterial effect than the chemically synthesized ZnO NPs [8-10].
Copyright: © 2018 Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.