Shafi Ahmed1*, Swapan Kumar Chowdhury2, Muhammad Mozammel Haque3, Palash Chandra Banik4, Rabeya Yasmin5, MH Faruquee6, SK Akhtar Ahmad7 and AFM Salim8
1Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Khwaja Yunus Ali Medical College and Hospital, Shirajganj, Bangladesh
2PhD Fellow, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Bangladesh
3Consultant Pediatrics, Mahbubur Rahman Memorial Hospital and Nursing Institute, Rupashdi, Banchharampur, Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh
4Assistant Professor, Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Bangladesh
5Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Bangladesh
6Associate Professor, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Bangladesh
7Professor, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Bangladesh
8Ex-Professor, Institute of Child Health and Shishu Swasthya Foundation Hospital, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Shafi Ahmed, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Khwaja Yunus Ali Medical College and Hospital, Shirajganj, Bangladesh.
Received: January 02, 2020; Published: January 10, 2020
Vitamin D plays role in regulating cell growth, maintenance of body immunity, healthy musculoskeletal structure and functioning other various biological activities in keeping people healthy. This study was a part of a community based cross sectional study which was conducted among 274 primary school children. Two primary schools were selected purposively (one from Dhaka city and one from Gazipur district). The male and female ratio was equal. The mean age of the students was 8.86 ± 2.035 years. Majority of the children were within 5 – 10 years (73.7%) and rest were within 10 – 14 years. The male and female ratio was equal. Among the participants 28.8% were in class I, 20.1% were in class II, and 16.4% were in class III, 17.9% in class IV and rest 16.8% were in class V. Among the study participants 48.2% were of rural areas and 51.8% were from urban area. Among the participants, 97.0% of the rural areas and 75.4% of the urban areas had growing pain. By pain status of the rural participants, 89.8% reported their pain as mild and 10.2% as moderate while 38.3% of urban participants reported their pain as mild, 60.7% as moderate and 0.9% as severe. Statically significance association was found between residence of the participants with development of growing pain and increasing manner of pain status (p<0.05). Among the rural children 60.9% had no scope of regular sun exposure, while among the urban children it is 27.1% (p<0.05). Growing pain was reported in increasing manner among those who had scope of sun exposure for 2 hours per day, for 2 – 5 hours and who had no scope of regular sun exposure (p<0.05). Prevalence of growing pain and insufficient sun exposure especially among rural school going children in Bangladesh is very high and alarming which needs to explore the root cause.
Keywords:Growing Pain; Children; Urban and Rural Settings; Bangladesh
Citation: Shafi Ahmed., et al. “Growing Pain Among Bangladeshi Children: Urban and Rural Settings”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.2 (2020): 01-05.
Copyright: © 2020 Mir Shafi Ahmed., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.