Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 2

Histopathology and Cytopathology Based Tumours Diagnosed in A Tertiary Care Level Institute in Dhaka City

Hossain MD1*, Islam MN2, Kabir E3 and Razzak M4

1Assistant Professor (Pathology), Sheikh Hasina National Institute of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Professor and Head of The Department of Pathology, SSMC, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Professor, Department of Pathology, SSMC, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Dhaka National Medical College, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Delwar Hossain MD, Assistant Professor (Pathology), Sheikh Hasina National Institute of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Received: November 28, 2019; Published: January 07, 2020

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Abstract

  During the past century, cancer has emerged as the most challenging problems for public health systems in medium and low income source countries. With a cancer load of more than one million, Bangladesh is not an exception.

  Thist study showed that squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignant tumour and duct cell carcinoma of breast was the next one. The lower income generating group was the more vulnerable group for both benign and malignant tumours. Among female malignant tumours- breast cancer represented the highest occuring and cervical cancer and ovarian cancer represented the second and fourth most common tumours. Of the studied benign tumours- tumour of the skin adnexa (lipoma) was the most common both in adult male as well as in adult female and of breast (fibro adenoma) was the second most common tumour in adult females.

  The frequency of malignant tumour was more from third to sixth decade and highest in fourth decade. Frequency of paediatric benign tumours in total tumour cases was 13.87% and paediatric malignant tumour was 05.08% and frequency of paediatric benign tumours within paediatric tumours 89.40% and frequency of malignant tumours within paediatric tumours was 10.60%. Leukaemia was the most common tumour both in male and female of paediatric age group but more in number in male. On the other hand, malignant tumour of lymph node, skin, head-neck-brain and bone was more in number in female than that of male of the same age group. Male to female ratio in this study population was 2:5. Male to female ratio of benign tumour was 1:3 and of malignant tumour was 5:8. Benign tumours out of 434 cases in adult males were mostly skin adnexal and out of 1293 cases in adult females were also mostly skin adnexal followed by uterine, breast, ovarian etc. Regarding aetiology of cancer, people in rural area were habituated with various forms of tobacco (jarda, biri, gul, khaini etc), betel nut and betel leaf. These are carcinogens and etiologically responsible for head and neck cancers. Breast cancer was the first and cervical carcinoma was the second most common malignant tumour in adult female in this study. In this study malignant tumour of lymph node was the highest in adult male followed by skin cancer, leukaemia, head-neck-brain mass, urinary bladder, stomach, mouth and oral cavity, liver, prostate, lung, colon and rectum, bone and thyroid. Of male benign tumours tumour of skin adnexa was the highest followed by tumours of head and neck, bone, parotid gland, oral cavity, colorectal and penis.

Keywords: Tumours; Paediatric

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Citation

Citation: Hossain MD., et al. "Histopathology and Cytopathology Based Tumours Diagnosed in A Tertiary Care Level Institute in Dhaka City".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.2 (2020): 01-13.



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