Amity Institute of Physiotherapy, Amity University, Noida
*Corresponding Author: Mayank Shukla, Amity Institute of Physiotherapy, Amity University, Noida.
Received: November 27, 2019; Published: December 02, 2019
Air Quality is deteriorated by ambient air pollution having par-ticulate matter (PM), black carbon and noxious gases. Ambient air pollution has been reported to affect the bone health globally in longitudinal studies , and few geographical locations are notori-ous for air pollution globally and specifically in India. Such places are having hazardous and very severe levels of air quality . Delhi NCR has witnessed some of the alarming waves of air pollution re-cently. Air quality index (AQI) – particulate matter may vary from hazardous (300 and above) to good (below 50). It Is easy to moni-tor AQI using data from reliable sources like government installed panels. There is also a seasonal variation in air pollution levels and musculoskeletal complaints that may be mediated by vitamin D levels .
Many anthropological activities like burning of agricultural residue are known to acutely deteriorate the air quality in a large area. Living in a location with hazardous air quality makes one prone for musculoskeletal complaints. Air pollutants have both or-ganic and inorganic components. Black carbon, PM2.5, PM10 and ozone levels are confounders whose causality is being reported and explored for bone health . Hormonal variations under im-mune influence may be one mechanism linking particulate matter pollution to bone health markers overtime. Oxidative damage is a known feature of many air pollutants. It becomes a modifiable risk factor which may be checked in routine visits. Ambient air pollu-tion may interfere with ultraviolet radiation (ultra violet index) mediated and vitamin D controlled osteoblastic function as well. Hazardous PM 2.5 levels can interfere with the repair mechanisms with synovial joints.
Citation: Mayank Shukla. “Ambient Air Pollution and Bone Health".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 4.1 (2020): 01.
Copyright: © 2020 Mayank Shukla. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.