Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ASOR) (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Editorial Volume 3 Issue 1

Ambient Air Pollution and Bone Health

Mayank Shukla*

Amity Institute of Physiotherapy, Amity University, Noida

*Corresponding Author: Mayank Shukla, Amity Institute of Physiotherapy, Amity University, Noida.

Received: November 27, 2019; Published: December 02, 2019

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  Air Quality is deteriorated by ambient air pollution having par-ticulate matter (PM), black carbon and noxious gases. Ambient air pollution has been reported to affect the bone health globally in longitudinal studies [1], and few geographical locations are notori-ous for air pollution globally and specifically in India. Such places are having hazardous and very severe levels of air quality [4]. Delhi NCR has witnessed some of the alarming waves of air pollution re-cently. Air quality index (AQI) – particulate matter may vary from hazardous (300 and above) to good (below 50). It Is easy to moni-tor AQI using data from reliable sources like government installed panels. There is also a seasonal variation in air pollution levels and musculoskeletal complaints that may be mediated by vitamin D levels [2].

  Many anthropological activities like burning of agricultural residue are known to acutely deteriorate the air quality in a large area. Living in a location with hazardous air quality makes one prone for musculoskeletal complaints. Air pollutants have both or-ganic and inorganic components. Black carbon, PM2.5, PM10 and ozone levels are confounders whose causality is being reported and explored for bone health [3]. Hormonal variations under im-mune influence may be one mechanism linking particulate matter pollution to bone health markers overtime. Oxidative damage is a known feature of many air pollutants. It becomes a modifiable risk factor which may be checked in routine visits. Ambient air pollu-tion may interfere with ultraviolet radiation (ultra violet index) mediated and vitamin D controlled osteoblastic function as well. Hazardous PM 2.5 levels can interfere with the repair mechanisms with synovial joints.

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References

  1. Chang, Kuang-His., et al. "Exposure to air pollution increases the risk of osteoporosis: a nationwide longitudinal study”. Medicine 17 (2015).
  2. Bhattoa HP., et al. "Prevalence and seasonal variation of hypovitaminosis D and its relationship to bone metabolism in healthy Hungarian men over 50 years of age: the HunMen Study”. Osteoporosis International1 (2013): 179-186.
  3. Prada Diddier., et al. "Association of air particulate pollution with bone loss over time and bone fracture risk: analysis of data from two independent studies”. The Lancet Planetary Health8 (2017): e337-e347.
  4. http://aqicn.org/map/india/ accessed (2019).
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Citation

Citation: Mayank Shukla. “Ambient Air Pollution and Bone Health".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 4.1 (2020): 01.



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