Flavio Sartori Junior1* and Joao Alberto Holanda de Freitas2
1Ophthalmologist, Physician in the Clinical Staff of the Hospital Centro Medico de Campinas and the Centro de Cirurgia Refrativa Campinas, Brazil
2Ophthalmologist, Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Ceará, specialist by the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology (CBO), Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Flavio Sartori Junior, Ophthalmologist, Physician in the Clinical Staff of the Hospital Centro Medico de Campinas and the Centro de Cirurgia Refrativa Campinas, Brazil.
Received: July 07,2020; Published: July 28, 2020
Introduction: In Brazil, between 11 and 36% of people have myopia, which is one of the most frequent refractive errors that affects vision from afar, occurring due to the visual image not being focused directly on the retina, but ahead of it. Astigmatism, in addition to being a common optical problem, is associated, in most cases, with other refractive problems, such as myopia or hyperopia. Ophthalmology stands out for being the first specialty in medicine to use laser for therapeutic purposes, as well as for its accelerated and constant development. Corneal refractive surgery, also called subtraction surgery, was the first procedure adopted using the laser, being currently the most used surgery to correct refractive errors.
Objectives: The general objective of this article is to discuss the importance of using the laser in ophthalmology, since the control of the making of the cut with the laser reduces the risk of complications that can occur when creating the flap, such as lamella perforation (buttom hole), irregular cut and incomplete cut. The specific objective is to compare the SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) and LASIK (Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis) techniques, for the purpose of verifying which method is the most efficient for correcting refractive errors.
Conclusion: When compared to other surgical techniques, SMILE is considered more efficient, since the incision is up to 80% smaller, which reduces the risk of dry eye by 99%.
Keywords: Ophthalmology; Corneal Refractive Surgery; Laser; SMILE; LASIK
Citation: Flavio Sartori Junior and Joao Alberto Holanda de Freitas. “LASIK X SMILE: Option in Refractive Surgery Correction". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.8 (2020): 29-36.
Copyright: © 2020 Flavio Sartori Junior and Joao Alberto Holanda de Freitas. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.