Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Prevalence of Brucellosis in 2 Slaughterhouses of Maputo City and Province (Mozambique) in 2015

Mendonça JP1*, Nhavoto VM2, Escrivão RJA3

1Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, National Institute for Veterinary Research, MSc. Maputo, Mozambique
2Ministry of Sea Inland Waters and Fisheries, MSc. Maputo, Mozambique
3Eduardo Mondlane University, Veterinary Faculty, PhD. Maputo, Mozambique

*Corresponding Author: Mendonça JP, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, National Institute for Veterinary Research, MSc. Maputo, Mozambique.

Received: November 19, 2019; Published: January 03, 2020

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Abstract

  Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella that infect animals and humans, always presenting a great economic and public health impact, with regional asymmetry, associated with the raising and trade of cattle, especially in developing countries. It is a worldwide disease and is endemic in Mozambique. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in slaughtered cattle in Maputo city and province, in this way 340 blood samples of male and female cattle in reproductive age from different parts of the country were collected. The sera obtained from the samples were submitted to the screening test, Bengal Rose (BR) and the Complement Fixation Reaction (CRF) test for confirmation, and later seropositive were subjected to the i-ELISA test. Overall seroprevalence was 16.5% (56/340); and differed significantly between females [19.7% (29/147)] and males [13.9% (27/193)]. The results obtained show a high seroprevalence of brucellosis in slaughtered animals and the potential risk of transmission of the disease to workers, which may cause serious public health problems, requiring the implementation of a health education program for slaughterhouse workers as well as their managers.

Keywords: Cattle; Brucellosis; Slaughterhouses; Public Health

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Citation

Citation: Mendonça JP., et al. “Prevalence of Brucellosis in 2 Slaughterhouses of Maputo City and Province (Mozambique) in 2015". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.2 (2020): 01-06.



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