Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Evaluation of Commercial Animal Feed Quality and Manufacturing Status in Ethiopia

Demissie Negash*

Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Demissie Negash, Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute, Bishoftu, Ethiopia.

Received: December 18, 2019; Published: January 07, 2020

×

Abstract

  Animal production in Ethiopia is hindered by numerous constraints such as poor nutrition and management amongst others. The supply of processed animal feed stuffs is very limited. This study was undertaken in four regions of the country namely Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples in selected towns and Addis Ababa city administration to assess compound feeds sector and evaluate the quality of compound feeds supplied to farmers in Ethiopia. A total of 34 feed producers were surveyed, to provide an overview of the sector, while chemical analysis was used to assess the quality of 64 compound feeds which are categorized in to three (layer, milking cow, and beef feeds). Qualitative and quantitative survey methodology by using a structured questionnaire vs qualitative data to collect basic information and further details on specific parameters and key informant interview to understand details of particular issues such as key challenges and opportunities are the two techniques used in this study. The feed samples were analyzed for chemical contents (DM, CP, CF, Moisture, Metabolic Energy and Fat) at Animal Products, Veterinary Drug and Feed quality Assessment Center laboratory. The results of the analysis revealed that contents of the various nutritional parameters have variations when compared with the feed standard of Ethiopian Standard Agency, 2019. Compound feed production is dominated by poultry feed products (61%), while 27.2%, 8.4%, 3.2% are dairy, fattening and others respectively. Most of the feed companies operate below their installed capacity. Raw materials are sourced locally, and maize makes up around 39.5% of total tonnage from the companies ingredient. The DM content ranges between 88.28%-91.87%, 89.21%-91.99% and 89.61%-91.31% for lactating dairy cow, beef and layer poultry respectively. The CP content ranges between 10.91%-17.90%, 10.27-16.34% and 11.39-18.57% for layer beef and lactating dairy cow respectively. The metabolic energy value ranged between 1364-2746Kkal/kg, 1092-2890kcal/kg and 1703-2880kcal/kg for layer, beef and lactating dairy cow respectively. Production of Compound animal feed in Ethiopia have many challenges both by internal and external factors of the industry. So to produce quality and safety feed more concern is necessary from government and feed industry owners. The Government should institute sound policies to assure adequate feed supplies and reliable quality of raw materials and finished feeds at prices affordable to livestock and poultry raisers.

Keywords: Compound Feed; Challenges and Opportunity; Feed Quality

×

References

  1. Makkar HPS. “Animal nutrition in a 360-degree view and a framework for future R&D work: towards sustainable livestock production”. Animal Production Science 56 (2016): 1561-1568.
  2. Adugna Tolera. “Livestock feed supply situation in Ethiopia. ESAP (Ethiopian Society of Animal Production)”. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, October 8-10 (2009): 195.
  3. Birhanu Gebremedhin., et al. “An appraisal of fodder marketing in Ethiopia”. In: Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Part I (2009): 1-20.
  4. Seyoum Bediye and Fekede Feyissa. “The status of animal feeds and nutrition in West Shewa Zone of Oromia, Ethiopia”. Proceedings of the workshop held at Holetta Agricultural Research Center (HARC), Ethiopia, 7-9 November 2006. Published in the Series on Conference and Workshop Proceedings of KEF (Commission for Development Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences): 2008/1, VOEAW, Vienna (2008).
  5. Adugna Tolera. “Feed resources and feeding management: A manual for feedlot operators and development workers”. Ethiopia Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary Standards and Livestock and Meat Marketing Program (SPS-LMM), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (2008): 43.
  6. Seyoum Bediye., et al. “Chemical composition and nutritive values of Ethiopian feeds”. Research Report 73 (2007): 24. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  7. Tegene Negesse., et al. “Nutritive value of some non-convectional feed resources of Ethiopia determined by chemical composition analysis and an in vitro gas method”. Animal Feed Science and Technology 154 (2009): 204-217.
  8. Tadesse Daba., et al. “Feed resource status, livestock feeding and management in the central highlands of Ethiopia”. In: Proceedings of Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, 17th-ESAP-TP-005 (2009).
  9. Ajebu Nurfeta. “Feed intake, digestibility, nitrogen utilization and body weight change of sheep consuming wheat straw supplemented with local agricultural and agro-industrial by-products”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 42 (2010): 815-824.
  10. Sumberg J. “Livestock production in peri-urban areas of Africa: an analysis of Dar es Salaam, Mwanza and Shinyanga, Tanzania”. Overseas Development Group, UEA for RNRRS LPP grant X0290 (1996).
  11. Broring S. “Moving Toward Market Orientation in Agri-food Chains: Challenges for the Feed Industry”. In: Market orientation: transforming food and agribusiness around the customer (Lindgreen, A. Ed.), Ashgate, Gower Publishing, Ltd., (2010): 53-67.
  12. Alltech. Global Feed Summary. Alltech, Nicholasville (2013).
  13. Githinji V., et al. “Report. Feed Milling Industry Survey”. Ministry of Livestock Development and AKEFEMA (2009): 49.
  14. Lukuyu BA., et al. “Constraints and options to enhancing production of high quality feeds in dairy production in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. ICRAF Working Paper no. 95. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre (2009).
  15. Louw A., et al. “Pork and broiler industry supply chain study with emphasis on feed and feed-related issues”. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development 2 (2013): 134-146.
  16. Kellems R and Church D. “Livestock Feeds and Feeding”. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall (2010).
  17. Schmidt S., et al. “The organization of urban agriculture: Farmer associations and urbanization in Tanzania”. Cities (2015).
  18. Dale L., et al. “Research on crude protein and digestibility of Arnica montana L. using conventional NIR spectrometry and hyperspectral imaging NIR”. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 10 (2012): 1.
  19. Kaijage J., et al. “Chemical composition and nutritive value of Tanzanian grain sorghum varieties”. Livestock Research for Rural development 26 (2014): 10.
  20. Safalaoh A and Chapoteta J. “A preliminary evaluation of the stock feed industry in Malawi”. Malawi Journal of Agricultural sciences 3 (2006): 32-39.
×

Citation

Citation: Demissie Negash. “Evaluation of Commercial Animal Feed Quality and Manufacturing Status in Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.2 (2020): 01-13.



Member In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for March Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is March 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US