Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Efficacy of Value Added Multi Millet Convenient Foods in the Management of Diabetes in Albino Rats

B Subbulakshmi1 and D Malathi2

1Teaching Assistant, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Professor (Retd.), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author: B Subbulakshmi, Teaching Assistant, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Received: December 18, 2019; Published: January 06, 2020

×

Abstract

  In India, eight millets species (Sorghum, Pearl millet, Finger millet, Foxtail millet, Kodo millet, Proso millet, Barnyard millet and Little millet) are commonly cultivated under rain fed conditions. The diet based on millets and leafy vegetables having antidiabetic properties gives a new approach in the treatment of diabetic mellitus. The study was carried out to formulate multi millet based convenient chappathi and dosa mix with incorporation of dried drumstick and palak leaves and evaluated the anti diabetic effect of these mixes in alloxan induced diabetic albino rats. All the developed four mixes are scored higher acceptability and provided high amount of fibre, iron and beta carotene. In the anti diabetic study, rats were divided into 6 groups of 6 animals each. Group 1 served as non diabetic control, Group 2 as diabetic control and Groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 served as treatment groups. Diabetic was induced in rats by administration of alloxan monohydrate (150mg/kg) through the intra peritoneal route. Treatment groups (G3-G6) received diet of (100mg/kg of body weight) multi millets drumstick leaves chappathi mix (T1); multi millet palak leaves chappathi mix (T2); multi millet drumstick dosa mix (T3) and multi millet palak leaves dosa mix (T4) respectively. After the 28 days of treatment, diabetic rats showed highly significant reduction in blood glucose levels when compared to diabetic control and non diabetic groups. Hence the study concluded that multi millets and leafy vegetable based instant mixes have an effective antidiabetic property which controlling the blood glucose levels in the rats and also this study will create a new avenue to formulate the special convenient food mixes for diabetic people.

Keywords: Small Millets; High Fibre; Convenient Food Mixes; Anti Diabetic Activity

×

References

  1. www.apollosugars.com
  2. Whiting D R., et al. “IDF diabetes atlas: global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2011 and 2030”. Diabetes Research Clinical Practice 94 (2011): 311-321.
  3. Subbulakshmi B and Balasubramanian S. “Designing of millet based convenient breakfast mix using linear programming approach”. International Journal of Computer Science 5.1 (2017): 1730-1738.
  4. Itagi S., et al. “Readymade foxtail millet mix for diabetics”. International Journal of Science and Nature 3.1 (2012): 47-50. 
  5. Wang P., et al. “Higher intake of fruits, vegetables or their fiber reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis”. Journal of Diabetes Investigation 7 (2016): 56-69.
  6. Asare GA., et al. “Toxicity potentials of the nutraceutical Moringa oleifera at supra-supplementation levels”. Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal 139 (2012): 265-272. 
  7. Lomnitski L., et al. “Composition, Efficacy, and Safety of Spinach Extracts”. Journal of Nutrition and Cancer 46 (2017): 222-231.
  8. Subbulakshmi B and Karpagavalli B. “Standardization and evaluation of high fibre convenient food from oats flour”. Journal of Innovative Agriculture 4 (2017): 26-31.
  9. Subbulakshmi B and Amutha S. “Quality protein maize for nutritional security”. Asian Journal of Home Science 8 (2013): 566-569.
  10. Sadasivam S and Manickam A. “Biochemical methods”. 3rd Edn. New Age International (P) Limited Publishers. New Delhi, India 193, 194, 201,203 - 206. (2008).
  11. AOAC. Official Method of Analysis. 17th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Maryland (2000).
  12. www.icmr.org.com
  13. Trinder P. “Determination of blood glucose using an oxidase peroxidase system with a non-carcinogenic chromogen”. Journal of Clinical Pathology 22 (1969): 158-161.
  14. Malathi D., et al. “Development of multi millet vegetable roti mix. Souvenir, National Seminar on Emerging trends in processing and value addition of small millets”. (2017): 59.
  15. Tamilselvi E., et al. “Preparation and evaluation of traditional fermented food idli from small millets”. Souvenir, National Seminar on Emerging trends in processing and value addition of small millets (2017): 60.
  16. Singh P., et al. “Physico-chemical characteristics of wheat flour and millet flour blends”. Journal of Food Science Technology 42 (2005): 340-343.
  17. Tumwine G., et al. “Production of nutrient-enhanced millet-based composite flour using skimmed milk powder and vegetables”. Food Science and Nutrition 7 (2019): 22-34.
  18. Narayanan J., et al. “Postprandial glycemic response of foxtail millet dosa in comparison to a rice dosa in patient with type 2 diabetes”. Indian Journal of Medical Research 144 (2016): 712-717.
  19. Joshi HC., et al. “Effect of incorporation of Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) on the quality of cake”. Souvenir, 5th International Food Convention, Innovative Food Technologies and quality systems, strategies for global competitiveness (2003): 99-100.
  20. Srivastava S and Singh G. “Processing of millets for value addition and development of health foods”. In: Recent Trends in Millet Processing and Utilization, Hisar, India: Chaudhary Charan Singh Hisar Agril. University. (2003): 13-18.
  21. Meti R. “Role of multi-millet mix in reducing blood glucose levels in Type II diabetic patients”. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal 4 (2019): 27-29.
  22. Karthikaa P and Usha T. “Hypoglycaemic effect of spinach and fenugreek leaves in type 2 diabetics”. PJMS-Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences 1 (2017): 54-61.
  23. Jali MV., et al. “Efficacy of value added foxtail millet therapeutic food in the management of diabetes and dyslipidamea in type 2 diabetic patients”. Recent Research in Science and Technology 4 (2012): 03-04.
×

Citation

Citation: B Subbulakshmi and D Malathi. “Efficacy of Value Added Multi Millet Convenient Foods in the Management of Diabetes in Albino Rats". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.1 (2020): 01-06.



Member In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for March Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is February 29, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US