Eating Behavior of type 2 Diabetic and/or Hypertensive patients
Antonio Orlando Farias Martins-Filho1*, Caroline dos Santos Leal1, Diana de Araújo Eymael2, Débora Simone Kilpp3, Lúcia Rota Borges1, Anne y Castro Marques1, Ana Maria Pandolfo Feoli4,5 and Renata
Torres Abib Bertacco1,2
1School of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pelotas, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil
2Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and Food, School of Nutrition, Federal University of Pelotas, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil
3Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (EBSERH), Hospital Escola - Federal University of Pelotas, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil
4School of Health and Life Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil
5Postgraduate Program in Psychology, School of Health and Life Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Antonio Orlando Farias Martins-Filho, School of
Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pelotas, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil.
December 30, 2022; Published: January 24, 2023
Background: Obesity, diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension constitute the main chronic non-communicable diseases associated with inadequate nutrition. The main challenge to control these diseases are lifestyle changes, adherence to dietary and pharmacological treatment. To help patients achieve lifestyle changes, an important step is to identify behavioral profiles. The aims of this study were to characterize the eating behavior of patients with diabetes and hypertension, and to compare its domain scores between genders, body mass index and age groups.
Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed the characteristics of eating behavior domains of diabetic and hypertensive patients in the Diabetes and Hypertension Center of the Federal University of Pelotas, using the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire. In addition, it compared the behavioral patterns between sex, age groups and nutritional status.
Results: A total of 97 volunteer patients were included and the majority was elderly (60.82%), women (61.86%), and the mean age was 62 ± 11.15 years old. Overweight was present in 88.66% of the total sample, and obesity in 65.79% of the adults. Cognitive Restraint was the highest score domain in this sample. Women scored higher in the Emotional Eating domain (p < 0.003) than men. Adults presented significantly higher scores in the Emotional Eating (p < 0.001) and Binge Eating (p < 0.010) domains when compared to the elderly. An association between overweight and Emotional Eating (p = 0.003) and Binge Eating (p = 0.028) was found in the total sample. Overweight adults had a higher score for the Emotional Eating domain (p = 0.014) and obese adults had a higher score for the Emotional Eating domain (p = 0.036) and Binge Eating domain (p = 0.041).
Conclusion: In conclusion, Cognitive Restraint was the domain with the highest score in this sample. Furthermore, an association between overweight, Emotional Eating and Binge Eating scores was found. Women scored higher in the Emotional Eating domain than men, and adults presented significantly higher scores for the Emotional Eating and Binge Eating domains than the elderly.
Keywords: Behavioral Nutrition; Psychometrics; Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension; Obesity
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