Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 4

Acacia gums and Adansonia digitata pulp Nutritional Value: Formulation Potential from Biotechnological Approach

Ahmed AM Elnour1-3*

1International Institute for Halal Research and Training, Level 3, KICT Building, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Center (BERC), Biotechnology Engineering Department, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University, Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Institute of Gum Arabic Research and Desertification Studies (IGARDS), University of Kordofan, Sudan, Elobied, Sudan

*Corresponding Author:Ahmed AM Elnour, International Institute for Halal Research and Training, Level 3, KICT Building, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Received: March 09, 2022; Published: March 18, 2022

Abstract

Background: The human innate immune system (HIIs) prevents the host from being infected by pathogenic organisms, including viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. This defense mechanism of the HIIs can be augmented by an increased metabolism level, which requires energy sources and substrates derived from food.

Aim: This pioneer study investigates the nutritional values (NVs) of an optimum blended formula (5:3:2 grams) of Acacia gums (AGs) (composed of Acacia seyal gum and Acacia sengal gum) and Adansonia digitata L pulp (ADLPs) respectively, to evaluate their NVs for supporting the HIIs of infected COVID-19 patients, especially those associated with metabolic syndrom (Met-S) diseases.

Methods: The study's main objective is to develop an optimal formula using a specific combination of AGs and ADLPs based on their NVs. The NVs, including moisture, ash, minerals, protein, amino acids (AAs), carbohydrates, sugars, prebiotic polysaccharides, energy, dietary fibers (DFs), and crude fibers, were investigated using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).

Results: As a result, the mineral level of the (3in1) blend, which comprises (AGs and ADLPs), was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) dominated by K (70.56 ± 2.35), Ca (68.54 ± 3.12), Mg (16.60 ± 4.8), P (11.50 ± 2.50), Na (31.4 ± 4.8), Zn (19.19 ± 2.10), Fe (19 ± 0.14), Cu (15.12 ± 1.81), and Se (0.037 ± 0.005) g/100gDW. The (3in1) blend had a higher hydroxyproline content of 30.17g/100g for the (3in1) blend compared to the AGs (2in1) blend. The blended formula's total protein content was 3.34 ± 0.121% significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher. Moreover, carbohydrates (CHOs) were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher in the (3in1) blend compared to the AGs (2in1) blend. The major reducing sugar constituents were arabinose (48.23 and 49.97g/100gDW) for the (3in1) blend. Interestingly, the prebiotic polysaccharide was 88.61 ± 3.121 g/100gDW for the (3in1) blend, which is (p ≤ 0.05) higher compared to 84.00 ± 2.15 g/100gDW for the AGs (2in1) blend. The energy value for the (3in1) blend was 350.12 ± 5.210 kcal/100g, significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher than the 340.67 ± 3.155 kWh for AGs. The DFs were 12.62 ± 2.10g/100gDW as insoluble dietary fibers (IDFs) and 87 ± 2.124g/100gDW as soluble dietary fibers (SDFs) for the (3in1) blend, which is significantly (p ≤ 0.05) different compared to 1.865 ± 0.005g/100gDW of IDFs and 84 ± 30.45g/100gDW of SDFs for the AGs (2in1) blend.

Conclusion: Finally, we conclude that AGs with ADLPs have an effective molecular structure that may have strengthened HIIs against the Covid-19 pandemic. This suggests the potential beneficial use of AGs blended with ADLPs as a natural antiviral agent.

Keywords:Gum Arabic; Physico-Chemical Properties; Baobab; SARS-CoV-2; High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and ICP-MS

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Citation

Citation: Ahmed AM Elnour. “Acacia gums and Adansonia digitata pulp Nutritional Value: Formulation Potential from Biotechnological Approach". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.4 (2022): 54-74.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Ahmed AM Elnour. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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