International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Bamikole Ayedun, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Received: December 11, 2017; Published: December 26, 2017
Citation: Bamikole Ayedun. “Drought Tolerant Maize Adoption and its Determinants in West Africa”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 2.1 (2018).
Drought tolerant maize (DTM) was developed to reduce farmers’ food insecurity due to drought effect caused by climate change. This study examined the adoption of DTM variety among maize farmers in savannah area of West Africa. It described the socioeconomic characteristics of the adopters and non-adopters of DTM variety and analysed factors influencing the adoption of DTM using Logit model on cross-sectional data of 2343 farmers from Benin, Ghana, Mali and Nigeria. The results show that the study area experienced drought on an average of 3 years in a decade which affected 94 % (0.94) of the farm households. Awareness rate of DTM was low (37%), and currently only 15% adopted due majorly to non-availability of its seeds (64%). Running t-test on the differences in the socioeconomic variables between adopters and non-adopters suggested that adopters fared significantly better on variables considered; they had higher years of education, better contact with extension personnel, better access to credit, higher use of chemical fertilizer with more closeness to agro dealers; in addition, they had more small ruminants to access liquid cash in times of emergency with resultant significant higher maize yield over non-adopters. The decision to adopt DTM seeds, was positively and significantly influenced by awareness of DTM (P < 0.01), male as household head (P < 0.01), number of years of education of household head (P < 0.01), household size (P < 0.05), use of chemical fertilizer (P < 0.01), credit access (P < 0.1), and advice from extension agent (P < 0.01); while factors that negatively influenced adoption of DTM included maize farm size (P < 0.05) among others. The study concluded that DTM would likely be adopted if maize farmers are made aware of it since one of the preferred maize characteristics by household was DTM and in addition, availability of the its seeds would encourage farmers to plant.
Keywords: Drought Tolerant Maize; Awareness; Adoption; Logit Model
Copyright: © 2018 Bamikole Ayedun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.