Ajugwo AO1*, Nwoke BEB2, Ozims SJ2, Eberendu IF2 and Nwibana BK3
1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Madonna University Elele Nigeria
2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University Owerri, Imo State
3School of Medical Laboratory Science, Rivers State College of Health Technology, Portharcourt
*Corresponding Author: Anslem Ajugwo, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Madonna University Elele Nigeria.
Received: June 27, 2017; Published: July 26, 2017
Citation: Anslem Ajugwo., et al. “Prevalence 0f Hbsag and Haematological Parameters Among Pregnant Women Attending a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 1.3 (2018).
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health problem. Despite the introduction of vaccine, vertical transmission is an important route of transmission for hepatitis B virus infection. Systems monitored during antenatal care in an attempt to predict and improve pregnancy outcome are dependent on the quality and quantities of haematological indices. The aim of the study was to ascertain the prevalence rate of HBsAg and haematological indices among pregnant women attending Madonna University Teaching Hospital (MUTH) Elele. The population of the study comprised of two hundred (200) pregnant women in their first, second and third trimesters attending Madonna University Teaching Hospital (MUTH) Elele.
Questionnaires were administered and blood samples were collected and analysed for the following haematological parameters; Packed cell volume (PCV), Haemoglobin concentration, Total white blood cell(WBC) count and platelet count. From the result obtained in this study, out of 200 samples screened for HBsAg, 16 samples were found positive to hepatitis B virus infection (8.0%). There was significant difference (p < 0.05) in the first, second and third trimester for PCV, Hb, WBC and Platelet counts. It can be concluded that the prevalence rate of HBV is 8.0% and normal pregnancy in women alters significantly haematological indices such as PCV, haemoglobin and platelet counts and that during normal pregnancy, there is an increased level of appetite due to some physiological changes which is entirely normal during pregnancy.
Keywords: Pregnancy; HBsAg; Prevalence; Haematological Indices
Copyright: © 2018 jugwo AO., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.