Kenfack Kelly Flora*
Medical Doctor at Colbert Medical Center, Douala, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Kenfack Kelly Flora, Medical Doctor at Colbert Medical Center, Douala, Cameroon.
Received: October 29, 2019; Published: December 16, 2019
Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a disease process resulting from obstruction of large peripheral arteries, commonly due to atherosclerosis. It is common among diabetic patients and may lead to amputations if poorly managed.
Objectives: We sought to determine the prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease in a group of diabetic patients with a high cardiovascular risk among Cameroonian subjects.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2017 to May 2017 in Bafoussam. Our sample size was 80 participants. The PD 120 Pocket Doppler was used to measure the Ankle-brachial Index.
Results: Our sample's mean age was 62.8 years years and ranged from 50 to 80 years. Hypertension was the most common risk factor in our population (97.5%). PAD (ABI < 0.90) was found in 37.5% of our subjects. We found out that a history of at least 10 years diabetes since its screening, tobacco smoking and obesity significantly influence the occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions (p = 0.00015, 0.04 and 0.03 respectively ).
Conclusions: This study suggests that a history of at least 10 years of diabetes duration is the main factor influencing the occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions.
Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Ankle-Brachial Index; Peripheral Artery Disease
Citation: Kenfack Kelly Flora. "Prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease in A Group of Diabetic Patients with A High Cardiovascular Risk Using the Ankle-Brachial Index at the Bafoussam Regional Hospital". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 111-113.
Copyright: © 2020 Kenfack Kelly Flora. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.