Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Pattern of Eye Diseases in A Rural Community of Enugu, Nigeria

Samuel Chibueze Osuji*, Nnaemeka A Onwukwe, Roland A Oboh and Helen C Odo

Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Health Sciences, Madonna University Nigeria, Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Samuel Chibueze Osuji, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Health Sciences, Madonna University Nigeria, Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Received: November 28, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019

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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to determine the Pattern of Eye Diseases in the rural community of Enugu-Ezike in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Methods: In a population-based cross-sectional study carried out in 4-day Community Eye Health Screening at Enugu-Ezike, participants were sampled using convenient sampling method. Participants’ case histories were taken to contain details of demographic characteristics, personal history, presenting complaints, aided and unaided visual acuity. Ocular examinations were done using Pentorch, Snellen’s Visual Acuity Chart, Direct Ophthalmoscope, Contact Tonometer, Trial Lens Case, Retinoscope, and findings recorded. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 16.0.) was used to analyse the data; p > 0.05 was taken to be significant.

Results: There were 650 participants screened, out of whom 466 (71.7%) persons presented with Eye Diseases. Of the 466 persons, males comprised of 174 (37.3%) and 292 (62.7%) females with a male to female ratio of 1:2. Their age ranged from 6 - 90 years with the mean ± standard deviation age (SD) of 56.79 ± 16.134 years. The older age group 66 years and above presented more with Eye Diseases 180 (38.6%) compared with the least age group 6-20 years 25 (5.4%). The result showed that the commonest Eye Disease found was glaucoma, noted among 112 participants and revealing a prevalence rate of 24.0%, followed by Cataract 103 (22.1%) and Pterygium 71 (15.2%). And these varied significantly with gender and age (p=0.00, 95 Cl). However, Stye was infrequent and was the least, 6 (1.3%) eye disease in the community.

Conclusion: The effort at improving the ocular health of this community can be focused on reducing the burden of glaucoma, cataract, Pterygium and related eye diseases.

Keywords: Pattern; Eye Disease; Rural Community; Enugu-Ezike; Nigeria

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Citation

Citation: Samuel Chibueze Osuji., et al. "Pattern of Eye Diseases in A Rural Community of Enugu, Nigeria".Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 64-68.



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