Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Ergonomic Risk Factors in Drivers of A Transport Company in Colombia

Claudia Yasmín Pérez Rodríguez1, Diana Paola Montealegre Suárez2*, Brayan Felipe Borrero Cleves3, Natalia Charry Tejada3, María Paula Muñoz Villareal3 and Luisa Fernanda Romaña Cabrera4

1Physiotherapist. Occupational Health Specialist. Master in Education. Director of The Occupational Health Administration Program of The Neiva Technological School Foundation "Jesús Oviedo Pérez" - Colombia

2Physiotherapist. Master in Integral Intervention in The Athlete. Teacher of the María Cano University Foundation - Neiva Headquarters

3Students of the Occupational Health Administration Program of the Fundación Technological De Neiva Foundation "Jesús Oviedo Pérez" - Colombia

4Luisa Fernanda Romana Cabrera

*Corresponding Author: Diana Paola Montealegre Suárez, 2Physiotherapist. Master in Integral Intervention in The Athlete. Teacher of the María Cano University Foundation - Neiva Headquarters.

Received: December 10, 2019; Published: January 06, 2020

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  The objective of this research is to determine the presence of musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic risk factors in drivers of a transport company in Colombia. The developed methodology was framed within a quantitative approach, with non-experimental design and cross-section; for the realization, there was a sample of 146 participants. The Nordic Test was used to collect the information, to identify the main musculoskeletal disorders of the population evaluated. Likewise, the ERGOPAR V2.0 Ergonomic Risk Factor and Damage Questionnaire was applied, through which the researchers recognize signs and symptoms associated with musculoskeletal disorders, and in this way determine their origin and allow formulating a plan of intervention that allows the improvement of working health conditions and reduction of work absenteeism and Long-term Occupational Diseases. Among the results and conclusions, it was found that the main musculoskeletal disorders presented by the population under study are unspecified and postural low back pain, painful shoulder, rotator cuff syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome and cervicalgia. Similarly, the ergonomic risk factors found were forced and static postures of up to 8 hours a day, exposure to vibrations at the time of passenger transport, exposure to environmental and passenger noise, manual handling of loads, fatigue physical and mental.

Keywords: Ergonomics; Driver; Working Conditions; Workstation

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References

  1. Rincones AP and E Castro. “Prevention of musculoskeletal disorders of labor origin in Colombia: a study of the future for the year 2025”. Revista Ciencias de la Salud 14 (2016): 45-56.
  2. Luttmann Alwin. “Prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace (2004). 
  3. Lopera H Piedrahita. "Epidemiological evidence between occupational risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders”. Mapfre Medicina 15.3 (2004): 212-221.
  4. Åkesson K. “Improved education in musculoskeletal conditions is necessary for all doctors”. Bull World 81.03 (2003).
  5. European Agency for occupational safety and health. Musculoskeletal disorders s.f. 
  6. Montealegre Suárez., et al. “Eating habits of people with limited mobility activities”. Revista Colombiana de Rehabilitación 17.1 (2018): 18-23.
  7. Married Pic R. “Musculoskeletal pain”. Int Assoc study pain 72.6 (2010): 428-431.
  8. Montealegre Suárez., et al. “Level of self-reported physical activity in people with limited mobility activities”. Colombian Rehabilitation Magazine 18.2 (2019): 231-242.
  9. Pachón Flórez., et al. “Ergonomic risk in inter-municipal transport drivers of Sucre”. University - Science - Innovation and Society: From a labor perspective (2017): 49 -76. 
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Citation

Citation: Diana Paola Montealegre Suárez., et al. “Musculoskeletal Disorders and Ergonomic Risk Factors in Drivers of A Transport Company in Colombia". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.2 (2020): 01-06.



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