Susmita Shrestha1 and Rosy Shrestha2*
1Lecturer, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Nepal
2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Rosy Shrestha, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.
Received: July 26, 2018; Published: August 07, 2018
Citation: Susmita Shrestha and Rosy Shrestha. “Knowledge and Practice Regarding Endotracheal Suctioning among Nurses of Selected Teaching Hospitals, Bharatpur, Chitwan”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.6 (2018).
Introduction/Objective: Endotracheal suctioning is one of the common procedures performed by nurses in critical care units to maintain airway patency and optimal oxygenation to the intubated patients. Hence, this study was conducted to find out the knowledge and practice regarding endotracheal suctioning among nurses working at teaching hospitals, Bharatpur.
Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was used with 95 nurses working in different critical care units of two teaching hospitals at Chitwan, by using non-probability, purposive sampling technique. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire and structured observational checklist were used to identify knowledge and practice regarding endotracheal suctioning among nurses. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results:Majority of the respondents were above 20 years (66.3%) with the mean age of 21.77 ± 1.91, 87.4% were Hindu, 82.1% had completed Proficiency Certificate Level in Nursing, 76.8% had work experience of more than 6 months in critical care units and 11.6% had participated in in-service education. A total of 55.8% had adequate knowledge on endotracheal suctioning with the mean percent of 61.6%. The significant influencing variables for the level of knowledge on endotracheal suctioning were working hospital (p = < 0.001) and working ward (p = < 0.001). Similarly, 44.2% had satisfactory practice on endotracheal suctioning with the mean percent of 47.5%. The significant influencing variables for the level of practice on endotracheal suctioning were the religion (p = 0.04) and ethnicity (p = 0.017). Furthermore, there is a significant weak positive correlation (r = 0.197) was found between knowledge and practice score on endotracheal suctioning.
Conclusion: Less than half of the nurses had inadequate knowledge whereas more than half of the nurses had unsatisfactory practice on endotracheal suctioning. Hence, it is strongly recommended for need of protocol for endotracheal suctioning and keen supervision and reinforcement for implementing the protocol.
Keywords: Knowledge; Practice; Endotracheal Suctioning; Nurses
Copyright: © 2018 Susmita Shrestha and Rosy Shrestha. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.