Attapon Cheepsattayakorn1* and Ruangrong Cheepsattayakorn2
110th Zonal Tuberculosis and Chest Disease Center, Chiang Mai, Thailand
2Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
*Corresponding Author:Attapon Cheepsattayakorn, 10th Zonal Tuberculosis and Chest Disease Center, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Received: January 30, 2020; Published: February 08, 2020
Keywords: Climate; Microbes; Vegetation; Ecosystem Services; Litter Decay; Organic Matter Etc.
Salmon and other seafoods (mollusks, finfish, marine mammals, fish eggs, and crustaceans), nutrient-rich parts of healthy diets. Nevertheless, the potential risks of eating contaminated seafoods can come along with the benefits and nutrients derived from seafood consumption. Infectious agents (Vibrio species, Salmonella, Shigella species, Clostridium botulinum, other toxin-forming bacteria, Norovirus, Hepatitis A virus, Helminths (nematodes, trematodes, and cestodes (Diphylobothrium species, members of the family Anisakidae, and eustrongyloides)), protozoa (Giardia species), metals, marine toxins, and chemicals have been identified in seafoods. In the United States, seafood-related outbreaks of infection vary by seafood commodity that mollusk, fish, and crustaceans are estimated 45.2%, 38.8%, and 16.0% of outbreaks, respectively.
In the mid-19th century, Japanese broad-tapeworm infection, such as Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense and D latum was known to be contracted by eating raw salmon (Oncorhynchus masou, O gorbuscha, and O keta). In Japan, from 1988 to 2008, a total of 149 cases of diphyllobothriasis, particularly D nihonkaiense have been identified by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing of the tapeworm cox1 and/or nad3 genes. These cases had a history of eating raw salmon or a habit of eating suchi or sashimi, which are normally composed of seafish, often salmon. Previous molecular studies of DNA sequences of the 18S rDNA, internal transcribed region 1, cox1 and nad3, definitely demonstrated the synonym of D klebanovskii to D nihonkaiense, revealed that D nihonkaiense is distributed in Japan, Far East Russia, and the Kamchatka Peninsula that brown bears are its natural final host, in addition to outbreaks of Diphyllobothrium infection related to raw salmon consumption in the United States and case reports of this parasitic infection related to raw salmon eating in South Korea.
Citation: Attapon Cheepsattayakorn and Ruangrong Cheepsattayakorn. “Raw Salmon- and Seafood-Associated Infection". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.3 (2020): 01-02.
Copyright: © 2020 Attapon Cheepsattayakorn and Ruangrong Cheepsattayakorn. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.