Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 3

Incidence of Candidiasis Amongst Female Students of A Tertiary Institution in Rivers State Nigeria

Wemedo SA* and Duke SJ

Department of Microbiology, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:Wemedo SA, Department of Microbiology, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Received: January 11, 2020; Published: February 05, 2020

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Abstract

  Candida yeasts are normal flora of the female genital organ but they are held in check by normal body defenses together with other members of the normal flora. However, candidiasis could result when certain predisposing conditions are established. This study therefore investigated the incidence of candidiasis amongst female students of a tertiary institution in Rivers State. Forty (40) female residents in 4 campus hostels designated A, B, C, and D and one off-campus hostel (Control) were sampled using sterile swabs. The swabs were dipped into 10ml sterile normal saline to dislodge the yeasts; after which, aliquots of serially diluted samples were cultured on Sabuoraud dextrose agar (SDA) and incubated at 37ºC for 24 - 48 hours. Yeast colonies that developed were counted and recorded, and purified colonies were identified using macroscopy, microscopy, and germ tube techniques. The yeast counts of Campus Hostels ranged from1.2 × 10CFU/ml to 7.2 × 10CFU/ml while counts of the control ranged from 1.9 - 6.2×10CFU/ml. with Mean ± SD and percentage incidences of 4.9 ± 1.86 (25%), 3.4 ± 1.37 (18%), 4.6 ± 1.22 (24%), 2.7 ± 1.19 (14%) and 3.5 ± 1.48 (20%) for A, B, C, D, and control respectively. Incidence of Candida species during this study showed that of the 28 Candida species isolated, Candida albicans were 18 (64%) while other Candida species were 10 (25%). In conclusion, Candida infections among female hostel residents have been established in this study with Candida albicans confirmed to be the most implicated. Also, yeast incidence was different from one hostel to the other which could reflect the sanitary conditions of the hostels. Hence, good sanitation of the toilet systems and proper sanitary practices among the hostel residents should be advocated and effectively implemented due to the public health implication of this study.

Keywords: Incidence; Yeast; Candidiasis; Female; Normal-Flora; Tertiary Institution

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Citation

Citation: Wemedo SA and Duke SJ. “Incidence of Candidiasis Amongst Female Students of A Tertiary Institution in Rivers State Nigeria". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.3 (2020): 01-06.



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