Department of Zoology, Amar Singh College, Cluster University Srinagar, India
*Corresponding Author: ST Salam, Department of Zoology, Amar Singh College, Cluster University Srinagar, India.
Received: March 15, 2018; Published: April 24, 2018
Citation: ST Salam. “Cecal Worm Infection in Backyard Fowl of Kashmir Valley”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.5 (2018).
Study was carried out for a period of two years on prevalence and pathology of cecal worm Heterakis gallinarum on a sample size of 478 domestic chicken (Gallus g. domesticus L., 1758), 243 males and 235 females, weighing between 1 - 2.5 kgs collected from the different localities covering almost entire Kashmir valley. The study revealed that prevalence rate of Heterakis gallinarum for 1st Year of study (2012) was 3.43% (8/233) and for the 2nd Year (2013) it was 5.3% (13/245) giving an overall prevalence rate for two year study (Jan 2012 to Dec 2013) to be 4.39% (21/478). Range of intensity of worms was found to be 02 – 55 with Mean intensity of infection observed to be 20 ± 2.1. Faecal Egg Count was found to be very low i.e <40 eggs per gram of faeces. Histological findings in the infected revealed presence of adult worms in the lumen of intestine along with cellular debri and the infected tissue revealed intense chronic diffuse inflammatory processes with mononuclear and polymorphonuclear (heterophils) leucocyte infiltrations extending up to submucosa. There was sloughing off of the epithelium and lumen was packed with fibrin, red blood cells and tissue debris.
Keywords: Human Health; Heterakis gallinarum; Domestic Chicken; Kashmir Valley
Copyright: © 2018 ST Salam. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.