Iron Biomineralization Performed by Iron-Cycling Bacteria and Magnetotactic Bacteria
Weijia Xing, Yue Zhan, Lei Yang and Lei Yan*
Heilongjiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology and Recycling of Argo-Waste in Cold Region, College of Life Science
and Biotechnology, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, PR, China
*Corresponding Author: Lei Yan, Heilongjiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology and Recycling of Argo-Waste
in Cold Region, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, PR, China.
Received: January 16, 2018; Published: February 09, 2018
Iron is regarded as an essential element for organisms in earth. Iron-cycling bacteria (ICB) including iron-oxidizing bacteria (IOB)
and iron-reducing bacteria (IRB), and magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) can mineralize iron to functional biocomposites which have po-
tential for biomedical and environmental use. Generally, biologically induced mineralization (BIM) mainly occurs in ICB and biologi-
cally controlled mineralization (BCM) primarily exists in MTB. Iron biomineralization is a complex process and is affected by various
Keywords: Iron-Cycling Bacteria; Magnetotactic Bacteria; Biologically Induced Mineralization; Biologically Controlled Mineralization
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