International Medical College University Duisburg-Essen, Haryana, India
*Corresponding Author: Charu Singh, International Medical College University Duisburg-Essen, Haryana, India.
Received: November 06, 2019; Published: January 30, 2019
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the adverse consequences of inhaled anti-asthmatic medications on dentition and the mechanism by which it can progress to dental caries.
Material and Methods: PubMed database search from 2003 to 2019, with the subject heading "asthma" and "caries", was done. The subjects were determined based on types of medications administered, the effect on salivary glands, lowering of pH in the oral cavity, proliferation of microflora and prevention of the ill effects in the oral cavity. A total of 26 articles were selected which matched the inclusion criteria.
Results: Among 26 studies reviewed, eight articles revealed no significant effect on caries in comparison to 18 which emphasized caries after the use of anti-asthmatic medications. On the other hand, seven studies including review articles stated increased xerostomic effect in the oral cavity. Accordingly, the acidic values due to the use of inhalers and additive sugars in especially dry powder inhalers can lead to the development of caries. Majorly, studies agreed that caries is a multi-factorial disease and assessment of the disease by taking sole drugs effect is not justified.
Conclusion: Studies based analysis suggests that asthmatic inhalers do increase the risk of cavities in teeth. The risk increases with the severity of asthma, as the adverse effects on salivary glands, changes in pH and proliferation of oral microbes, and ill oral hygiene habits combine.
Keywords: Asthma; Caries; Salivary Flow; Ph; Cariogenic Bacteria
Citation: Charu Singh. "Effect of Inhaled Anti-Asthmatic Medication on Teeth".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.2 (2020): 01-15.
Copyright: © 2020 Charu Singh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.