Akshai Kannan1, Vaibhav Jain1* and Merekhna Raghavan2
1Graded Specialist Orthodontics,, INDC Danteshwari, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 2Senior Specialist Periodontist, Private Practice, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1Graded Specialist Orthodontics,, INDC Danteshwari, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2Senior Specialist Periodontist, Private Practice, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Vaibhav Jain, Graded Specialist Prosthodontics, INDC Danteshwari, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Received: November 01, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021
Aim: To study the pattern of distribution of different malocclusions and treatment modalities in the mixed Indian urban population at a Govt Zonal Hospital in Southern India.
Methods and Materials: This Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 388 patients (188 were females and 200 were males) at a Dental Centre in a Zonal Govt Hospital in Southern India. The age criteria selected for the sample ranges between 6-46 years. The windows version 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) was used for statistical analysis and data prepared in MS excel sheet and was analysed. The Chi square test was used to compare the frequencies of categories of variables with groups.
Results: The data was collected from Jan 2016 to Dec 2020 on all OPD Days. Out of 388 patients, 188 were females and 200 were males. The mean age was 17.42 yrs. with SD of 6.525. There was a statistically significant/highly significant difference seen for the frequencies between the groups (p < 0.01, 0.05) with higher frequency for Class I Spacing being associated with Fixed mechanotherapy non extraction while Class I Crowding and Class II Div1, Class II Div2 and Class III with Fixed mechanotherapy with extraction.
Conclusions: The prevalence of malocclusion is high, a reason to continue training professionals to care for those patients in need of treatment. For further studies to asses prevalence and modalities of orthodontic treatment a well-distributed sample size for a nation with different ethnic groups distributed among India is recommended for planning orthodontic services at various Govt Zonal hospitals.
Keywords: Malocclusion; Orthodontic Treatment; OPD Registration
Citation: Akshai Kannan., et al. “Prevalence of Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment Modalities Among Mixed Indian Urban Population Seeking Treatment During 2016-2020 at Govt Zonal Hospital in Southern India: A Comprehensive Report". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.12 (2021): 130-134.
Copyright: © 2021 Akshai Kannan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.