Alireza Toghyani, Shahriar Shahab, Zeynab Azizi* and Amitis Sarbaz
Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Zeynab Azizi, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
Received: January 30, 2020; Published: February 13, 2020
Background: Dental images are an integral part of diagnosis and treatment of many oral diseases. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is more accurate and has less side effects than the conventional imaging methods. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CBCT prescription and changes in prescription trend from 2013 to 2016 in patients referring to a private oral and maxillofacial radiology clinic.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study evaluated 9624 cases of CBCT referrals for the reason of referral, source of refer, and patient’s age and sex. The pattern of prescribing CBCT was evaluated over four years based on the source of refer and reason of imaging. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software through ANOVA tests (P < 0.05).
Results: Out of the studied patients, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women, with an average age of 47.5 years. The most frequent reason for CBCT prescription was implant site evaluation (94.5%), followed by endodontic reasons (1%). Frequency of other reasons was less than 1%. The patients were most commonly referred by general dentists (37.4%), periodontist (31.1%) and maxillofacial surgeons (21.9%), respectively. An increasing trend was noted in CBCT prescription by both general dentists and specialists for all purposes.
Conclusion: Seemingly, the dentists' knowledge is not adequate about the potential advantages of CBCT imaging system and its superiority over the conventional imaging methods. Therefore, improving the academic level of dental curriculum and educational programs in this regard should be emphasized.
Keywords: Cone Beam Computed Tomography; Oral Radiology; Panoramic Radiography; Prescription Pattern; Prescription Prevalence
Citation: Zeynab Azizi., et al. “Pattern and Prevalence of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Prescription in Tehran, Iran, From 2013 To 2016”.Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.3 (2020): 36-41.
Copyright: © 2020 Zeynab Azizi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.