Salma Abdel-Rahman Salem*, Salsabyl Mohammed Ibrahim and Ahmed Mohammed Abdalsamad
Department of Endodontics, Cairo University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Salma Abdel-Rahman Salem, Department of Endodontics, Cairo University, Egypt.
Received: July 14, 2018; Published: August 21, 2018
Citation: Salma Abdel-Rahman Salem., et al. “Prevalence of Second Mesio-Buccal Canal in Maxillary First and Second Molars in Egyptian Population Using CBCT (A Cross-Sectional Study)". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.9 (2018).
Introduction: The records of cone-beam computed tomography of permanent maxillary first and second molars amongst members of an Egyptian population was analysed in this study; a cross-sectional study.
Methods and Material: CBCT images of maxillary first and second molars (116), voxel size less than 0.2, average age 20-60 years in both sexes with minimum of one molar in the scan. Maxillary molars with fully formed apices; and no root canal fillings, posts, crown restorations were included.
Result: The prevalence of MB2 in maxillary first right molars was 65% and 76% in maxillary first left molars, while in maxillary second right molars was 40% and 59% in maxillary second left molars, there was no significant between the right and left side of the maxillary molars teeth. There was higher prevalence of type IV canal configurations in mesio-buccal root in the first molars and type I in the second molars according to Vertucci classifications; furthermore, it was more prevalent in males than females. As for the location of MB root canal curvature it was almost in the middle third and there were no significance differences between the right and left side of these teeth.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that in-vivo CBCT images evaluation appears to be a non-invasive and efficient in understanding the root morphology for improvement of the outcomes of root canal treatment.
Conclusion: The use of bisphosphonate is an alternative for the reduction of loss and increase of bone density, including therapeutic and preventive measures, mainly in invasive practices such as dental implants.
Keywords: Second Mesiobuccal Canal; CBCT; Prevalence; Population; Permanent Maxillary First and/or Second Molars
Copyright: © 2018 Salma Abdel-Rahman Salem., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.