Niniek L Pratiwi1*, Hari Basuki2 and Agus Soeprapto1
1Researcher at Center for Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, NIHRD-Ministry of Health Republic Indonesia,
2Lecturer of Public Health Community, Faculty at Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author: Niniek L Pratiwi, Researcher at Center for Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, NIHRD-Ministry of Health Republic Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Received: May 21, 2018; Published: August 02, 2018
Citation: Niniek L Pratiwi., et al. “Impact of Health Services on Accessibility, Performed Treatment Index (PTI), Requirement Treatment Index (RTI), on Oral Hygiene Behavior". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.9 (2018).
Background: The number of tooth decay in Indonesia based on national health survey by the Department of Health of Indonesia in 2001 found about 70 percent of the Indonesian population aged 10 years and over have experienced damage gigi. Pada age 12 years, the amount of tooth decay reaches 43.9%, age 15 year reached 37.4%, age 18 years 51.1%, aged 35 - 44 reached 80.1%, and the age of 65 years and over reached 96.7%
Methods: Data from analyse health community based survey/"Riskesdas” years 2007, based on the data types Oral hygiene behavior is nominal, and as the dependent variable, independent variables while are: access to health services, PTI, which has a scale RTI data are ordinal. Design analysis is the analysis of ordinal relations with Regressi.
Result: Results showed that there are several variables that could significantly affect oral hygiene behavior with p value = 0.000 (p < 0.05, at α 0.05) is the travel time and distance to health center, age, occupation KK, level of per capita household expenditure, PTI, and RTI. The closer the travel time to health centers the greater the percentage of tooth brushing behavior and otherwise the longer the travel time from the center of the larger health behavior brush. Influence the accessibility of health service facilities ease significantly affect preventive efforts, the community dental health promotion
Conclusion: Needed improvements in accessibility of health care facilities, especially dental health services for remote areas, islands and borders both facilities and equipment facilities as well as dental health personnel. Distance and short takes on the health service center is a factor enabling or supporting the predisposing factors will affect the drivers as a form of ease in obtaining access to knowledge about dental health, especially in the behavior of the brush. Predisposing factors embodied in the knowledge of factors affecting reinforcing increases one's motivation toothbrushing behavior. For toothpaste affordability cross-subsidies required to increase purchasing power of a toothpaste containing fluoride levels and toothbrushes that can reach people, especially the poor.
Keywords: PTI; RTI; Oral Hygiene Behavior; Economy Status; Accessibility
Copyright: © 2018 Niniek L Pratiwi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.