Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review Article Volume 2 Issue 8

Educational Study of the Best Eco-Friendly Applicatory Dental Restorative Methods in Using Well-Designed Chemical Composition of Amalgam

Loai Aljerf1* and Nuha Al Masri2

1Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria

*Corresponding Author: Loai Aljerf, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Received: July 06, 2018; Published: July 26, 2018

Citation: Loai Aljerf and Nuha Al Masri. “Educational Study of the Best Eco-Friendly Applicatory Dental Restorative Methods in Using Well-Designed Chemical Composition of Amalgam". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).


Objective: Tooth decay is a common problem affecting both children and adults. Cavities form in the teeth by the action of acid producing bacteria present in dental plaque. A number of techniques and a variety of materials can be used to restore teeth and one of the most commonly used and comparatively cheap filling material is dental amalgam (a mixture of mercury and metal alloy particles). So, we came to assess the effects of the physical and the chemical impacts as the adhesive bonding on the in-service performance and longevity of restorations of dental amalgam including the effects of certain polishing instruments on the surface hardness of this material.

Methods: Amalgam restorations have been accomplished and accurately are carved using a systematic technique. To avoid marginal infiltration, the amalgam was burnished immediately after the cavity is filled. Besides, clinical factors affecting residual basic metals as mercury and marginal adaptations of amalgam restorations were investigated. The effect of moisture in zinc-containing amalgams was also studied

Results: There is no evidence to either claim or refute a difference in survival between bonded and non-bonded amalgam restorations; in addition, amalgam bonding has eliminated the unnecessary removal of sound tooth structure during cavity preparations. Burnishing has disturbed surface crystallization, bringing an excess of mercury to the surface, with the possibility of weakening and susceptibility to tarnish and corrosion on the particular surface. The use of mercury-rich amalgam has significantly improved the fracture toughness; however, it is removed quickly before it “seeps” back into the condensed mass. Gold foil resists the penetration of the condenser nib and protects the fragile, brittle enamel walls, but amalgam in its plastic state is incapable of this, and the possibility of shattering the enamel walls can lead to flaws developing at enamel margins. The amount of saline and zinc in the amalgam specimens has produced no perceptible differences in the amount of expansion.

Conclusion: Well-adjusted chemical composition and thermal preparation (lower than 65° C) of dental amalgam are the paramount for restorative material especially for posterior teeth.

Keywords: Filling Material; Tooth Structure; Residual Mercury; A.D.A. Specifications; Metamorphosis; Hydrogen Gas

Copyright: © 2018 Loai Aljerf and Nuha Al Masri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Member In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for March Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is February 29, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US