Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira* and Gustavo Pinho Nascimento
Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry of State University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry of State University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil.
Received: June 19, 2018; Published: July 23, 2018
Citation: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira and Gustavo Pinho Nascimento. “Relation between Adenoids and Palatine Tonsils Hypertrophy with Open Bite: A Systematic Review". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).
Adenoid hypertrophy is the most common pathology that causes obstruction of the upper airways in childhood, which, when associated with palatine tonsil hypertrophy, can affect dental and maxillofacial development, partially obstructing nasal breathing and causing mouth breathing and a typical adenoid face. The objective of this systematic review was to verify by scientific evidence the correlation between hypertrophy of adenoids and palatine tonsils with the development of anterior open bite. Research was done on the following electronic databases: Cochrane Library, Medline (EBSCO and PubMed), SciELO, LILACS and Scopus. The following inclusion criteria were used: Individuals with adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy in the growth spurt, without deleterious oral habits and with an anterior open bite. The studies were evaluated for methodological quality, using the Cochrane tool to assess bias risk. During the research, 1726 articles were found. The exclusion of duplicates was performed and 1563 articles remained. After the analysis, only 5 met the inclusion criteria. No article has been rated as low risk of bias. It was concluded that only one study showed that children with Class II division 1 malocclusion and adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy have a high possibility of developing anterior open bite. The others correlated adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy with mouth breathing, and may be associated with vertical facial growth, Class II malocclusion, convex profile, lip incompetence and incisor projection.
Keywords: Openbite; Mouth breathing; Adenoids
Copyright: © 2018 Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira and Gustavo Pinho Nascimento. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.