Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Clinical Review Article Volume 2 Issue 8

Dental and Oral Screening for Patient Undergoing Cancer Treatment and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Manmohan K Akhouri*

Certificate Palliative and Supportive Care, HCG Curie Abdur Razzaque Ansari Cancer Institute Ranchi, Medanta Hospital Ranchi, India

*Corresponding Author: Manmohan K Akhouri, Certificate Palliative and Supportive Care, HCG Curie Abdur Razzaque Ansari Cancer Institute Ranchi, Medanta Hospital Ranchi, India.

Received: June 20, 2018; Published: July 20, 2018

Citation: Manmohan K Akhouri. “Dental and Oral Screening for Patient Undergoing Cancer Treatment and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).

Abstract

  Radiation to the head and neck and chemotherapy for any malignancy can cause a range of oral side effects preventing and managing oral complications help support optimal cancer therapy, enhancing both patient survival and quality of life

Oral Complications of Cancer Treatment

General: Oral mucositis/stomatitis, Xerostomia/salivary gland dysfunction Pain, Infection Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Acute Exerberation of Periapical Abscess, Xerostomia-associated cavities Taste alterations, Nutritional compromise, Functional disabilities Abnormal dental development in children.

Chemotherapy: Neurotoxicity, Bleeding gums, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Acute Exerberation of Periapical Abscess

Radiation Therapy: Radiation caries Trismus/tissue fibrosis Osteonecrosis.

Pre-existing Disease: Periodontitis, Loose mobile teeth, Grossly decayed teeth, Leucoplakia, Oral submucous fibrosis, Denture Stomatitis

Conclusion Before conditioning Cancer Treatment, Pre-treatment of dental caries, periodontal disease, and pulpal infection, should be addressed and resolved. dental screening, Dental procedure can give a great outcome in cancer treatment e.g. ultrasound Piezo Scaling for periodontal diseases, Orthopengram (0PG) Radiograph for detection of underlying dental pathology, simple dental fillings, RCT, Prosthetic rehabilitation for better chewing and nutrition, fluoride application although simple procedures which can easily improve the quality of life and reduces the oral complication to 80% and patient education should begin, including information about potential oral complications, methods to manage the symptoms, basic oral hygiene.

Keywords: Dental; Oral Screening; Cancer Treatment; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Copyright: © 2018 Manmohan K Akhouri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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