Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 8

Evaluation of Clinical Efficacy of Propolis in Patients with Gingivitis: A Randomized Clinical Crossover Study

Savita AM, Priyambada Devi*, Ammu Varghese and Prerana GK

Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India

*Corresponding Author: Priyambada Devi, Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Received: April 27, 2018; Published: July 16, 2018

Citation: Priyambada Devi. “Evaluation of Clinical Efficacy of Propolis in Patients with Gingivitis: A Randomized Clinical Crossover Study". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).


Aim and Objectives: To evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of 20% propolis and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwashes in patients with gingivitis.

Materials and Methods: A total number of 40 subjects were randomly divided into two groups i.e. Group 1 and Group 2 including 20 subjects in each group. Group 1 was prescribed with 20% Propolis mouth wash and Group 2 was prescribed with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash for 2 weeks. Subjects were assessed for clinical parameters such as plaque and gingival index at baseline and after 2 weeks followed by a wash out period of 30 days and further the mouth washes were exchanged between the two groups and the same clinical parameters were re-recorded at baseline and after 2 weeks follow up.

Statistical Analysis: Paired and unpaired ‘t’ test were used for intragroup and intergroup comparison between the two groups. Statistically significant results were observed at the baseline and after 2 weeks in both the groups.

Results: Based on the present data, 20% propolis containing mouthwash and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate were equally effective in the treatment of gingivitis.

Conclusion: 20% propolis containing mouthwash has a promising plaque inhibitory potential and as effective as 0.2% chlorohexidine gluconate in preventing gingivitis as well as plaque control.

Keywords: Gingival Index; Plaque Index; Propolis; Chlorhexidine

Copyright: © 2018 Priyambada Devi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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