Mumcu E1* and Erdinç G2
1Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Prosthodontics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Turkey
2Research Assistant, Department of Prosthodontics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Mumcu E, Assistant Professor and HOD, Department of Prosthodontics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
Received: June 01, 2018; Published: July 04, 2018
Citation: Mumcu E and Erdinc G. “Implant Abutment Selection Criteria". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).
Dental implants have been successfully used to treat tooth loss for many years. Titanium owing to its well-documented biomechanical properties, it is accepted as standard material for implant abutments. However, metal components often cause gray reflection from gingiva. For these reasons ceramic-based abutment materials have entered dental sector. There might be a relationship between material selection and implant restoration success. Long-term follow-up of implant treatments is important. Prosthetic, periodontal and esthetic examinations of the restorations should be performed in these follow-up appointments. We made a search of articles of peer-reviewed Journals in PubMed/Medline, crossing the terms “Dental Abutment Material”, “Titanium”, “Dental Porcelain” and “Zirconia”. The review was divided by subtopics: mechanical evaluation, biological evaluation and esthetic evaluation. A number of studies have examined whether there is a relationship between these factors and dental materials. No significant difference was found between abutment material and success rates in available studies. Selection of abutment should be done by assessing the requirements for each case. The studies in which ceramic abutment materials are evaluated in the present studies are lower time and lower number than those of titanium. Long-term clinical follow-ups should be performed to obtain clearer information. The purpose of this review were to update available literature and to evaluate the relationship between material selection and mechanical, biological and esthetic factors.
Keywords: Implant; Abutment Material; Titanium; Zirconium Abutment; Bone Loss
Copyright: © 2018 Mumcu E and Erdinc G. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.