Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review ArticleVolume 2 Issue 8

The Role of Etiologic Factors Causing Peri-Implantitis; A Current Update

Emre Mumcu1* and Sadeq Mohammed Taqi Fadhil2

1Associate Professor, Head of Department of Prosthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Turkey
2Resarch Assistant, Department of Prosthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Turkey

*Corresponding Author: Emre Mumcu, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Prosthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Turkey.

Received: June 04, 2018; Published: July 03, 2018

Citation: Emre Mumcu and Sadeq Mohammed Taqi Fadhil “The Role of Etiologic Factors Causing Peri-Implantitis; A Current Update". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.8 (2018).

Abstract

  In recent years, dental implant applications have become more frequent in order to treat both aesthetic and functional disorders caused by tooth loss. Dental implants are frequently used in fixed and partial implant supported prostheses. Despite the high success rates, some of the implants are also failing. Peri-implantitis is bone loss due to infections around the implant. Peri-implant disease progress quietly without pain and is often diagnosed when marginal bone loss emerge.

  Risk factors for peri-implantitis include periodontitis, dental plaque, bad oral hygiene, smoking, alcohol consumption and diabetes mellitus. Radiographically, marginal bone loss is evaluated on periapical films, bleeding and pocket depth on probing is evaluated in clinical examination. For the prevention of such risk factors proper design of implants preserve periodontal tissues’ around of implants from peri-implantitis’ destructive effects should be performed in conscious individuals who do not have any systemic discomfort with a healthy periodantal tissue under appropriate conditions. In addition, the patient should be informed about oral hygiene protocols and prosthesis cleaning and should be regularly checked at certain sites.

The purpose of this literature is to provide current information about the risk factors of peri-implantitis

Keywords: Peri-Implantitis; Dental Implants; Risk Factor; Prevalence

Copyright: © 2018 Emre Mumcu and Sadeq Mohammed Taqi Fadhil. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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