Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Case ReportVolume 2 Issue 7

Free Gingival Graft for Augmentation of Keratinized Tissue at Lower Incisor - A Case Report

Samia Belfellah, Khadija Amine* and Jamila Kissa

Periodontics Department, Casablanca Dental School, Casablanca, Morocco

*Corresponding Author: Khadija Amine, Periodontics Department, Casablanca Dental School, Casablanca, Morocco.

Received: April 12, 2018; Published: June 07, 2018

Citation: Khadija Amine., et al. “Free Gingival Graft for Augmentation of Keratinized Tissue at Lower Incisor - A Case Report”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.7 (2018).

Abstract

  Plaque accumulation may cause gingival recession, especially at sites with a thin periodontal biotype and difficulty in tooth cleaning. This gingival defect may, in the long term, progress without treatment and lead to losing teeth. In this case a 21-year-old woman consulted for modification of her marginal gingiva at lower incisors. The protocol was designed to respond to the generalized and deep aggressive periodontitis disease detected and to reduce bleeding of the jaws. Adequate sanitation and motivation led to regression of periodontal disease and reduce gingival inflammation. Due to the progression of buccal gingival recession at the lower incisor, patient was prepared for periodontal plastic surgery. Miller’s Class III recession associated with small gingival dimensions indicates the use of free gingival autograft to correct the defect, increase keratinized tissue and prevent tissue loss for subsequent orthodontic treatment. The use of free gingival graft, as a predictable therapy, increases width and thickness of the marginal keratinized tissue and may also improves the result of orthodontic treatment in the area with the gingival defect.

Keywords: Gingival; Keratinized; Augmentation

Copyright: © 2018 SKhadija Amine., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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