Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 7

The Effect of Repeated Fluoride Foam Applications on Demineralization Observed in Orthodontic Patients

Anil Ardeshna* and Rachel Bellan

Department of Orthodontics, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, USA

*Corresponding Author: Anil Ardeshna, Department of Orthodontics, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, USA.

Received: May 02, 2018; Published: June 06, 2018

Citation: Anil Ardeshna and Rachel Bellan. “The Effect of Repeated Fluoride Foam Applications on Demineralization Observed in Orthodontic Patients”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.7 (2018).

Abstract

  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of frequent (every 4 - 6 weeks) treatments of acidulated phosphate fluoride foam on demineralization in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances and to evaluate if a crossover effect was present when applying fluoride treatment to only one side of the maxillary dentition. This was a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study, which took place over a 6 - 9 months period. A split-mouth study design was utilized, in which 50 patients (mean age 12.9 + 1.6), were divided into 2 groups. Group one received monthly fluoride treatments (Oral-B Minute-Foam; Procter and Gamble, Cincinnati, OH) on one side of the maxillary arch (F) and no treatment on the opposing side (FC). Group two received a placebo treatment on one side of the maxillary arch (P) and no treatment on the opposing side (PC). Three examiners scored initial and final photographs of maxillary lateral incisors to evaluate demineralization. A mean demineralization progression score (final-baseline) was determined for each of the four groups. The lowest incidence of demineralization unexpectedly occurred in the fluoride control group (1.20), followed by the fluoride (1.52), placebo control (1.57), and placebo group (1.75). No significant difference in demineralization was found between the any of the four groups, nor could a significant crossover effect be demonstrated. The only variable that was found to be significant was oral hygiene. It was concluded that frequent applications of acidulated phosphate fluoride foam on patients with fixed orthodontic appliances had no statistically significant effect on the incidence of demineralization. Good oral hygiene was the only factor to significantly reduce the incidence of demineralization.

Keywords: Fluoride Foam; Demineralization; Orthodontic Patients

Copyright: © 2018 Anil Ardeshna and Rachel Bellan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Member In




News and Events


  • Special Issue on Reviews
    Acta Scientific Journals has been started Special Issue on Reviews, researchers from world wide welcoming for submission of their reviews on any topic by on/ before September 15, 2019. Special Issue is going to be released on October 01, 2019
  • Submission Timeline for Regular Issue
    Last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is September 25, 2019.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US