Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 7

Influence of Parental Dental Anxiety on Dental Health Outcomes and Utilization of Dental Services of their Children

Warhekar Shilpa1*, Sandesh N2 and Warhekar Ashish3

1MDS Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2MDS Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
3MDS Assistant Professor, Dentistry, Department of Plastic Surgery, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Warhekar Shilpa Ashish, MDS Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Received: March 26, 2018; Published: June 04, 2018

Citation: Warhekar Shilpa., et al. “Influence of Parental Dental Anxiety on Dental Health Outcomes and Utilization of Dental Services of their Children”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.7 (2018).

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the influence of parental dental anxiety of 6 -13 years old children on dental health outcomes and use of dental services.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 442 children aged 6 - 13 years and their parents in Indore city, Madhya Pradesh. Simple random sampling was employed. A structured proforma was used to record demographic data and dental services utilization. World Health Organization (W.H.O.) Oral Health Assessment form (1997) was used to assess dentition status. Modified dental anxiety Scale was administered on parents to assess the parental dental anxiety. Clinical examination of children was performed to assess dentition status. Level of significance was set at 5%. Logistic regression analysis was employed.

Results: Only 2.26 percent of parents reported high dental anxiety (MDAS ≥ 19). Dental caries prevalence in children was found to be 35.75% and treatment need was 36.20%. Only 1.8% of children visited dentist previously. Parental dental anxiety (OR-0.17) and monthly income (OR-0.26) was significantly associated with utilization of dental care. Logistic regression showed children aged 6 - 9 years were having 1.8 times more chances of dental caries compared 10 -13 years odd (OR = 1.88).

Conclusions: Utilization of dental care was considerably low among school children of Indore. Compared to non-anxious parents, anxious parents were utilizing less dental care (OR = 0.17).

Keywords: Parent; Dental Anxiety; Children; Utilization; Dental Health Services.

Copyright: © 2018 Warhekar Shilpa., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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