Enabulele JE1* and Ehizele AO2
1Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
1Department of Periodontics, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Enabulele JE, Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
Received: April 11, 2018; Published: May 21, 2018
Citation: Enabulele JE and Ehizele AO. “Oral Prophylaxis as a Preventive Dental Treatment: Does Motivation Play a Role?”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.6 (2018).
Background: Motivation for seeking oral prophylaxis is poorly understood and most often not explored for clinical purposes. There is presently a limited evidence of the influence of psychosocial factors on dental clinic attendance for oral prophylaxis. More information is needed for better formulation of dental health policy and the delivery of services.
Objective: This research therefore was to determine the role of motivational factors for oral prophylaxis as a preventive dental treatment during dental visits.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study of 115 patients who presented in the periodontology clinic of the Dental Centre of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital for routine oral prophylaxis. The data collection instrument was a pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire eliciting information on participants’ demographic characteristics and past dental history. The Treatment Self-Regulatory Questionnaire (TSRQ) scale was used to assess participants’ level of motivation. Simplified Oral Hygiene Index was used to assess participants’ oral hygiene status and the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) Index was used to assess their dental caries status.
Results: The mean scores for autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and amotivation were 5.31 ± 1.04, 3.32 ± 1.26 and 2.45 ± 0.96 respectively. The mean Relative Autonomous Motivation Index was 1.99 ± 1.37. Majority (81.3%) with good oral hygiene, 74.1% with a DMFT score of zero and 73.3% of participants who had undergone oral prophylaxis previously had a high mean scores for autonomous motivation (P > 0.05) All the study participants had low amotivation scores.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that autonomous motivation plays a significant role in dental visits for oral prophylaxis resulting in desirable dental outcomes such as good oral hygiene status and reduction in dental caries experience.
Keywords: Oral Prophylaxis; Motivation; Preventive; Dental Treatment
Copyright: © 2018 Enabulele JE and Ehizele AO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.