Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review ArticleVolume 2 Issue 6

The Efficacy of Acupuncture for the Treatment of Masticatory Musculature Myofascial Pain Syndrome: State of the Art

Gui-Youn Cho-Lee1*, Hoon Cho-Jung2, Sergio Castrejón-Castrejón3 , Mario-Fernando Muñoz-Guerra4, Francisco-José Rodríguez-Campo4 and Luis Naval-Gías4

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Torrejón University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
2Golden Clover Foundation for Natural Medicine, Madrid, Spain
3Department of Cardiology, La Paz University Hospital, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, La Princesa University Hospital, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain

*Corresponding Author: Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Torrejón University Hospital. Madrid, Spain.

Received: May 04, 2018; Published: May 15, 2018

Citation: Gui-Youn Cho-Lee., et al. “Acupuncture for the Treatment of Masticatory Musculature Myofascial Pain Syndrome: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Assessor-Blinded, Sham-Controlled Trial”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.6 (2018).


Objectives: 1) To evaluate the effectiveness of using acupuncture treatment for masticatory muscles myofascial pain syndrome (MMMPS), according to all the randomized clinical trials and critical reviews published in the last decades. 2) To summarize the data from all those studies.

Methods: The information was gathered using the MEDLINE database. The inclusion criteria for selecting the studies were the following: (1) only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews of RCTs were selected; (2) studies had to be carried out on patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD) of muscular origin; (3) studies had to use acupuncture treatment.

Results: A total of 11 RCTs and 3 systematic reviews were chosen. All of the studies included in the present review compared the acupuncture treatment with a placebo treatment or splint and pharmacological therapy. All of them described results that were statistically significant in relation to short-term improvement of TMD signs and symptoms of a muscular origin, except one of the analyzed studies that found no significant difference between acupuncture and sham acupuncture.

Conclusions: In the authors’ opinion, research into the long-term effects of acupuncture in the treatment of TMD is needed. We also recommend larger samples sizes and three parallel arms of treatment (acupuncture, sham acupuncture and splint therapy) for future studies, so the results will be more reliable and enlightening.

Keywords: Acupuncture; Masticatory Muscles; Myofascial Pain Syndrome; Randomized Clinical Trials; Review

Copyright: © 2018 Gui-Youn Cho-Lee., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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