Gui-Youn Cho-Lee1*, Hoon Cho-Jung2, Francisco Abad-Santos3, Sergio Castrejón-Castrejón4 , Mario-Fernando Muñoz-Guerra5, Francisco-José Rodríguez-Campo5 and Luis Naval-Gías5
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Torrejón University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
2Golden Clover Foundation for Natural Medicine, Madrid, Spain
3Department of Pharmacology, La Princesa University Hospital, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain
4Department of Cardiology, La Paz University Hospital, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain
5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, La Princesa University Hospital, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Torrejón University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
Received: May 04, 2018; Published: May 15, 2018
Citation: Gui-Youn Cho-Lee., et al. “The Efficacy of Acupuncture for the Treatment of Masticatory Musculature Myofascial Pain Syndrome: State of the Art”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.6 (2018).
Background: Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) of the Masticatory Muscles (MM) is one of the most prevalent diseases included in the Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome. Regarding its treatment, there are not standardized protocols. There is some evidence that acupuncture is effective in MPS of the MM treatment. The objective of the present study was to analyze the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of MPS of the MM, in terms of pain intensity reduction and duration of the pain reduction along time.
Methods/Design: This study was a randomized, assessor blinded, sham-controlled clinical trial with three parallel arms. Ninety patients between 18 and 65 years of age with masticatory muscles myofascial pain, without temporomandibular joint pain, lasting for at least the previous six months were included in the study. Participants were randomly allocated into the three groups of treatment (30 patients/group): splint therapy, real acupuncture and sham acupuncture. Assessor were blinded to group allocation. The outcome measurements of the study included: 1) Percentage of patients that achieved a relevant clinical response (pain reduction of at least 50% from the initial value, in a visual analogue scale; or a visual analogue scale pain value less than 30 millimeters). 2) Pain reduction after treatment, measured in millimeters in a visual analogue scale (VAS). 3) Maximal mouth opening measured in millimeters. 4) Stability of the pain reduction. The outcome measurements were evaluated before treatment and 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after.
Discussion: The results from this study will provide clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in patients with Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) of the Masticatory Muscles (MM).
Keywords: Acupuncture; Sham Acupuncture; Myofascial Pain Syndrome; Masticatory Muscles; Randomized Clinical Trial
Copyright: © 2018 Gui-Youn Cho-Lee., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.