Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Monika Mahajan, Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Received: March 15, 2018; Published: May 11, 2018
Citation: Monika Mahajan. “Role of BMI in Fixed Orthodontic Treatment Course”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.6 (2018).
Orthodontic treatment is becoming a choice of treatment for many individuals to bring about changes in their dentofacial features. It helps to improve esthetics and self-esteem hence bringing about a change in behaviour and personality of an individual.
India is a big country undergoing transitions drastically in the economic field and hence facing many diseases associated with it like obesity. Presently we are dealing with the problem of obesity in our society which is becoming more and more prevalent. The aim of this study was to show association of BMI of patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment with different aspects of treatment like overall cooperation of the patient, missed appointments, duration time etc. The total sample of 42 patients, consisted of 18 male and 24 females, in the age group of 11to 30 years who had come for the orthodontic treatment. BMI was calculated and accordingly they were divided into normal weight, overweight and obese patients. Statistical analysis was done, and it was concluded that obese patients showed poor overall compliance with more missed appointments and longer treatment time. The overweight BMI patients showed overall bad compliance, more missed appointments than normal BMI patients but greater percentage of them finishing treatment in lesser time. The normal BMI patients showed overall compliance as good with less missed appointments and lesser treatment duration time. Though none of the results were significant but differences were seen. Hence during orthodontic treatment there is a need for certain efforts to be made in patients with higher BMI to bring the treatment outcome to comparable level.
Keywords: BMI; Orthodontic Treatment; Obesity
Copyright: © 2018 Monika Mahajan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.