Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan1* and Rabaa Mahmoud Abo Bakr2
1Assistant Professor in Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Egypt
2Lecturer of Preventive Dentistry and dental public health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Assistant Professor in Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Received: March 19, 2018; Published: April 24, 2018
Citation: Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan., et al. “Oral Health Status of Preschool Children in Egypt”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.5 (2018).
Background: Oral health is an integral part of general health, as oral cavity is considered a gateway of the body. Oral health play an important role in the children’s life.
Aims: This study aimed to obtain updated information of oral health status including dental caries situation, gingival condition and traumatic injuries in Egyptian preschool children.
Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in Mansoura city. One thousand children aged 3 - 6 years who were attending private and public kindergarten were included in the study. Children were examined for dental caries using deft index of primary teeth. Gingival condition was measured through PMA index (papillary, marginal, and attached). Upper and lower primary anterior teeth were assessed for signs of dental trauma: (treated dental injury, enamel fracture, enamel/dentin fracture, pulp injury, and missing tooth due to trauma). Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Chi- square tests.
Results: The prevalence of dental caries in preschool children was 61.4%, and the mean dmft (2.930 ± 3.281) in male and (2.332 ± 2.852) in female. However, gingival inflammation prevalence was 7.4%, and dental trauma prevalence was 10%, enamel fracture was the higher followed by dentin fracture and discoloration.
Conclusion: Caries is highly prevalent in Egyptian preschool children. Meanwhile low prevalence of gingival inflammation and traumatic injury were found.
Keywords: Preschool Children; Dental Caries; Gingivitis; Dental Trauma; Prevalence
Copyright: © 2018 Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.