Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Case ReportVolume 2 Issue 4

Firearm Injury on Face: Literature Review and Case Report

Caio Henrique Ribeiro de Lima*, Ivan Ranúzia, Igor Figueiredo Pereira and Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos

Department of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Pernambuco (UPE), Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Caio Henrique Ribeiro de Lima, Department of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Pernambuco (UPE), Brazil.

Received: December 16, 2017; Published: March 21, 2018

Citation: Caio Henrique Ribeiro de Lima., et al. “Firearm Injury on Face: Literature Review and Case Report”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.4 (2018).


  With the increase in urban violence, physical aggression with the use of firearms has gradually increased in the main urban centers, becoming a public health problem worldwide, which brings high costs in the treatment of these patients. Generally, when they hit the face, the projectiles can cause comminuted fractures and large tissue avulsions. Thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the maxillofacial region, surgical techniques and drug treatment is necessary to have clinical success in the treatment of these injuries. A brief review of the literature and a case report of a 35-year-old male patient, who entered the emergency department in buccomaxillofacial surgery and trauma, victim of assault with a firearm projectile in the right preauricular region. The projectile was housed in the posterior maxilla region. At the radiographic examination, the patient had no signs of fracture in the bones of the face. The projectile was removed under general anesthesia. Given the complexity of the facial anatomy and the severity of these lesions, the maxillofacial surgeon should be aware of the possible therapeutic possibilities for a correct conduct and subsequent outcome of the case.

Keywords: Face Fractures; Gunshot Wounds; Facial Injuries; Ballistics Forensic

Copyright: © 2018 Caio Henrique Ribeiro de Lima., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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