Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review ArticleVolume 2 Issue 4

Burning Mouth Syndrome: Pathophysiology, Investigations and Management - A Review

Papa Abdou Lecor1*, Mamadou Lamine Ndiaye2, Mamadou Lamine Guirassy3, Oumar Harouna Sall1 and Babacar Toure4

1Oral Physiology Service, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
2Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology Service, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
3Periodontology Service, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
4Consevative Dentistry and Endodontics Service, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO) Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal

*Corresponding Author: Papa Abdou Lecor, Oral Physiology Service, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal.

Received: January 16, 2018; Published: March 20, 2018

Citation: Papa Abdou Lecor., et al. “Burning Mouth Syndrome: Pathophysiology, Investigations and Management - A Review”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.4 (2018).

Abstract

  Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS), or idiopathic stomatodynia, is a chronic debilitating oral condition characterized by a burning sensation of the oral mucosa in an apparently normal person. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. However, psychophysical and neurophysiological studies highlight peripheral and central neuropathic sensory alterations rather than psychogenic factors. Dysgeusia and xerostomia are often associated with sensory and somatosensory disorders suggesting a multifactorial etiology. The available treatments are not very effective and focus on relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life. In order to improve treatment outcomes, a better understanding of the pathophysiology of this syndrome could provide a basis for the development of more effective management strategies. This article reviews current knowledge of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of BMS.

Keywords: Neuropathic Pain; Stomatodynia; Glossodynia; Dysgeusia; Xerostomia; Review

Copyright: © 2018 Papa Abdou Lecor ., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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